Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR INCARCERATION OF YOUTH IN ADULT PRISONS
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR XX TOPIC 2
Annotated Bibliography for Youth Incarcerated in Adult prisons
Many states believe that charging our nations youth as an adult, rather than placing them in a juvenile detention center, or receiving outside treatment is the best option. Juvenile delinquints who are charged and placed in adult facilities are at a higher risk of being sexually assaulted by another inmate, than an inmate who is an adult. Statistics show that juveniles who are incarcerated in an adult facilitiy are 36% more likely to commit suicide than if they were to be placed in a juvenile detention center. Also, many juveniles who are sentenced to an adult facility have a lack in education because they are too young to partake in the General Education Diploma (GED) program in the facility since they are younger than 18, which inhabits them from obtaining an education while in prison.
Backstrom, James C. “The Criminal Justice System Should Treat Some Juveniles as Adults.” Juvenile Crime. Ed. Louise I. Gerdes. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2012. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. of “Adult Prosecution Is Warranted in Certain Cases.” Www.co.dakota.mn.us. N.p.: n.p., 2008. N. pag. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 13 Aug. 2016.
Not all juveniles should be in adult facilities, but some of them should be. Many gang affiliated youth commit murders, traffic drugs, weapons, commit robberies, and sometimes they get nothing but a juvenile detention center til the age of 21, and they’re record is clean as an adult. However, youth with many minor offenses should also be sentenced as an adult, because they constantly get treated as a minor, and once they’re released from a juvenile detention center, or finish their probation they go right back to doing what they were doing before, they need to learn the consequences of their actions.
Some Juveniles should be treated as adults, when they commit crimes such as murder, manslaughter, and robbery. Some crimes which permit a life sentence, or 10 plus years, a juvenile should face trial for. Not every juvenile should see the inside of an adult facility, but some should. Some need to realize what their actions are going to cause when they grow up, and maybe it will help them realize that the path that they are walking on isn’t the path they want to be be on.
“Placing Juveniles in the Adult Criminal Justice System Is Counterproductive.” Juvenile Crime. Ed. Louise I. Gerdes. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2012. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. of “Jailing Juveniles: The Dangers of Incarcerating Youth in Adult Jails in America.” Www.campaignforyouthjustice.org. N.p.: n.p., 2007. N. pag. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 13 Aug. 2016.
It is extremely difficult to keep our youth safe in an adult facility. Between 13% and 26% of inmate-on-inmate sexual abusze took place with an inmate who was under the age of 18, which is astounding since less than 1% of our prisons population are juvenile offenders. Often times, officials in an adult facility will place the juvenile in solitary confindment for their own protection, leaving them locked up in a room for 23 hours a day, with no sights of actual sunlight. This leads for more juveniles to suffer from anxiety, from mental disorders, as well as increases the chance of suiide. Juveniles are 19 times more likely to commit suicide then those who aren’t incarcerated, and 36 times more likely than the youth in juvenile detention centers.
This source shows that incarcerating our youth in adult facility causes more harm than good. Our youth needs attention, they need help, not to be locked up with adult criminal serving 25 to life. By locking them up with adult criminals we are exposing them to more then they need to see, we’re putting them at risk of sexual abuse, and suicide all for what? To teach a lesson. Our youth needs treatment, they need help in order to better themselves, be in groups with offenders their own age, getting an education.