ARTICLE REVIEW 4

ARTICLE REVIEW 4

When conducting research, it is important to determine the approach to be applied in attaining the research goals and objectives. The research topic is on how autistic students between the ages of 18 to 25 are successful in college. Based on the nature of the research, a quantitative approach is the most effective approach that needs to be applied in ensuring that the research goals have been attained. This paper describes one article that has applied a quantitative approach and one article that applies a qualitative approach.

The first article is “Higher Education Experiences of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Challenges, Benefits and Support Needs” by Van Hees, Moyson, & Roeyers (2015) which is an insightful article that applies the quantitative approach.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2324-2

Goals

The goal of the article is to research the experience of autistic students in higher education institutions.

Questions asked

What are the challenges that autistic children face in higher learning institutions?

Data collection

The researchers investigated 23 students with autism through semi-structured interviews and the data collected.

Methodology

The data was analyzed using the grounded theory principles (Van Hees, Moyson, & Roeyers, 2015).

Findings

According to the results of the study, students with autism experienced a set of challenges such as information processing, adaptation to new environments, managing time, and uncertainties about disclosure.

The article “Supporting More Able Students on the Autism Spectrum: College and Beyond” by VanBergeijk, Klin, & Volkmar is an insightful article that has applied the qualitative approach in the research findings.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-007-0524-8

Goal

The goal of the research study is to review the strategies that need to be introduced to enhancing learning among children with autism in higher learning.

Questions asked

What is the nosology of autism and the legal framework that needs to be applied when dealing with autistic children, and the prevalence of autism among children?

Data collection

The article reviews current studies on autism among children and explores some of the challenges that children with autism face when in school.

Methodology

The authors explore current studies that have been conducted on autistic children and their experience in higher learning institutions

Findings

According to the findings of the article, autistic children face numerous challenges in the higher learning institutions (VanBergeijk, Klin, & Volkmar, 2008). The article recommends that children with autism need to be provided with the right environment for learning among children with autism. The article also notes that children with autism need counseling in ensuring that they attain their learning objectives. The researchers have also stated that children with autism have the potential of becoming academically successful. However, this potential can only be unlocked if the proper environment and intervention have been provided for the children with autism.

In summary, there are two approaches that researchers can use when conducting research: quantitative and qualitative approaches. The first article uses the quantitative approach in attaining the research objectives. The second article has addressed the research topic using the qualitative approach in attaining its research objectives. The major difference between these articles is that the research objectives are different. Comparison of the two articles implies that the choice of the approach to apply is depended on the research objectives of the researcher.

References

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

VanBergeijk, E., Klin, A., & Volkmar, F. (2008). Supporting more able students on the autism spectrum: College and beyond. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 38(7), 1359.

Van Hees, V., Moyson, T., & Roeyers, H. (2015). Higher education experiences of students with autism spectrum disorder: Challenges, benefits and support needs. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 45(6), 1673-1688.


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