Audio Visual Presentation: (Read Carefully)

Audio Visual Presentation: (Read Carefully)

Bringing Curbside Recycling to Bossier City, LA

By: Led Zeppelin

GB512 Business Communications—Unit 6 Assignment

Section 1

November 21, 2017

Good afternoon everyone. My name is Led Zeppelin and I am excited to present you with my proposal to bring curbside recycling to Bossier City. Before I get started, I want to extend a special thank you to Paul McCartney and Cat Stevens for inviting me here this afternoon.




Bossier City’s recycling program

Why is it inconvenient?

Single-stream curbside recycling

What is it?


Why single-stream?



Questions, Comments, Concerns??


My agenda this afternoon is as follows:

I will introduce my topic with some facts about waste generation in our area.

Next, I will discuss Bossier City’s current recycling program, and discuss why it is inconvenient for residents.

Then, I will introduce my proposed single-stream curbside recycling program; I will talk about what single-stream recycling is, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of implementing such a program.

From here, I will discuss why I think single-stream is the best option for Bossier City

Then, I will discuss the benefits the city will see when more residents are recycling their household garbage.

Finally, I will conclude my presentation and open the floor for questions, comments, and concerns.



70 – 80% of trash is recyclable

403,400 tons of solid waste

Of the 403,400 tons of waste:

100,850 must go to the landfill

302,550 could be recycled


302,550 tons

100,850 tons

Did you know that 70 – 80% of household trash is recyclable (City of Shreveport, n.d.)?


What if I told you that 403,400 tons of solid waste is generated in the Shreveport-Bossier area every year (City of Shreveport, n.d.).


Taking these two points together, I constructed the following pie graph. The whole graph represents the amount of solid waste generated every year; the blue section represents the recyclable portion (set at 75% to represent the average amount of recyclable waste); the red section represents the solid waste that is not recyclable, and must go to the landfill.


Sadly, this graph shows what could be, not wat is actually happening in our area. Of the 403,400 tons of trash generated annually, the majority ends up in the landfill. If we continue to send the majority of our solid waste to the landfill, the Shreveport-Bossier landfill will reach capacity by 2022 (City of Shreveport, n.d.).


The big question is: Why are so many of our recyclables ending up in the landfill?


403,400 tons of Annual Solid Waste

Recylable Non-recylable 302550 100850


Sadly, this is not reality

Most solid waste goes to the landfill

Landfill could reach capacity by 2022

Closure costs will be in the millions

More recycling = longer useful life of the landfill


302,550 tons

100,850 tons

Sadly, this graph shows what could be, not wat is actually happening in our area. Of the 403,400 tons of trash generated annually, the majority ends up in the landfill. If we continue to send the majority of our solid waste to the landfill, the Shreveport-Bossier landfill will reach capacity by 2022 (City of Shreveport, n.d.).


The big question is: Why are so many of our recyclables ending up in the landfill?


403,400 tons of Annual Solid Waste

Recylable Non-recylable 302550 100850

Current Recycling Program

Bossier City Recycling Drop-off Center

Well-lit, drive-thru drop-off

Open 24-hours

Manned M – F 7:00 a.m. – 2:30 p.m. & Sat 7:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.

Plastic, cans, paper, & cardboard

Accepted 24-hours a day

Motor oil, scrap metal, appliances, & tires

Accepted during manned operation only

Recycling center is underutilized


The simple answer is that Bossier City does not have a convenient recycling program for its residents.

Currently, residents must take recyclables to the Bossier City Recycling Drop-Off Center located in North Bossier. This facility offers a well-lit, drive-thru drop-off area that is open 24 hours a day, and manned Monday – Friday from 7:00 a.m. – 2:30 p.m. & Saturday from 7:00 a.m. – 12 p.m. (City of Bossier City, 2017).


Residents may bring clear and cloudy plastic; aluminum, steel, and tin cans; newspapers, phone books, mixed paper, and corrugated paper; and cardboard to the facility 24-hours a day (City of Bossier City, 2017).


Residents may also bring used motor oil, scrap metal, appliances, and tires to the facility. However, these items are only accepted during manned operations (City of Bossier City, 2017).


Despite the facility’s conveniences, the facility remains underutilized because the burdens associated with recycling outweigh the conveniences offered by the recycling center.


The Recycling Center is Underutilized


Storing  Bagging  Transport

Life is too busy

Limited storage space in the home

Location is inconvenient for many residents

North Bossier is 20 miles from some residents


On a curbside recycling petition started by Teri Darville-Shirey (2008-2011), residents provide insights into why the recycling center remains underutilized.


Topping the list is the inconvenience factor. From storing recyclables in the home between visits to the recycling center, to bagging the recyclables and driving them to the center, residents feel Bossier City’s current program is outdated and extremely inconvenient (Darville-Shirey, 2008-2011).


The second major factor is that “life is too busy.” Between work, family, and other obligations, many residents find it hard to make multiple trips to the recycling center (Darville-Shirey, 2008-2011).


Limited storage space is also mentioned by residents. Most people do not have enough space in their home to store all their recyclable trash. Therefore, many residents store what they can, and throw away the rest (Darville-Shirey, 2008-2011).


Moreover, the location is problematic for numerous residents. Bossier City is a large city, and some residents live as much as 20 miles from the recycling center located in North Bossier. Therefore, the time and expense involved in driving to the recycling center presents an additional burden on Bossier City residents (Darville-Shirey, 2008-2011).


Single-Stream Curbside Recycling


One bin for all recyclables

No more trips to the recycling center


Utilizes one truck

Automated system


All recyclables taken to a materials recovery facility

Recyclables are machine sorted


Single-stream recycling provides a convenient way for residents to recycle because residents need not separate their recyclables, nor do they need to take them to the recycling center. Instead, all recyclables go into one bin that is then placed at the curb for collection (Smith, 2012).


Unlike other methods of curbside recycling, single-stream requires the use of only one truck that does not need to be compartmentalized for collection (Smith, 2012). Additionally, collection is more efficient because the trucks utilize an automated system similar to that on our garbage collection trucks (Smith, 2012).


Once all recyclables are collected, haulers drive to a materials recovery facility where recyclables are machine-sorted and sold for the manufacturing of new products (Container Recycling Institute, n.d.).


Single-Stream Advantages

More convenient

More participation

More recyclables collected

Less waste in the landfill

Prolonged landfill life

Minimal collection costs

Fully automated system, decreases stop times

Fewer trucks are needed

Safer for haulers

Automation decreases injuries


As shown in this diagram, a single-stream recycling program is convenient, and:

This convenience encourages more participation (Container Recycling Institute, n.d.).

More participation means that more recyclables will be collected (Container Recycling Institute, n.d.).

If more recyclables are collected, less waste will end up in our landfill

If less waste is taken to the landfill, the useful life of our landfill will be prolonged

Therefore, it can be concluded that increasing the convenience of recycling for Bossier City residents, will prolong the useful life of our landfill.

Other advantages of single-stream recycling are as follows:

Collection costs are significantly less than those associated with multi- and dual-stream collections. The reasoning is that collection tucks are automated, so time spent at stops are minimized (Container Recycling Institute, n.d.). Additionally, fewer trucks are needed for collection because all materials are taken to the same facility (Smith, 2012).

Through the use of automated (as opposed to manual) systems, fewer injuries are incurred in collecting on a single-stream system (Smith, 2012). Therefore, single-stream collection is safer for those hauling our recyclables (Smith, 2012).


Single-Stream Disadvantages


Glass and PET bottle contaminate paper

Glass, plastic, and aluminum contaminate each other

Higher processing costs

Up to $3 more per ton

Materials recovery facilities my not be local

Shipping costs increase processing costs

Single-stream recycling my not be feasible


Though the advantages of single-stream recycling are convincing, every city must consider the disadvantages of offering a single-stream program to its residents.

The first concern is contamination: As stated by the Container Recycling Institute (n.d.), “There is a particular concern that glass shards and PET bottles can contaminate paper loads and wreak havoc in a paper mill, and that glass, plastic and aluminum containers cross-contaminate each other” (Container Recycling Institute, n.d.).

The second concern is the higher processing costs. Since materials must be sorted at the materials recovery facility, processing costs are higher than they would be under a multi- or dual-stream program(Container Recycling Institute, n.d.). The Container Recycling Institute (n.d.) states that these costs can be as much as $3 more per ton, when compared to other recycling programs.

Unfortunately, many cities do not have a local materials recovery facility. Therefore, shipping costs will further increase the costs of processing single-stream recyclables, thereby rendering this method infeasible for many cities (Smith, 2012).


Why Single-Stream?

Shreveport offers single-stream recycling

Began in 2011 and is still going strong

There is a materials recovery facility nearby

Pratt Industries

The cost to Bossier City residents will be minimal

Shreveport added $2.50 to all water bills

Bossier City residents spend more traveling to the recycling center


Given its disadvantages, you may be wondering why I am promoting a single-stream recycling program. My answer is simple: If Shreveport can do it, so can Bossier City. The City of Shreveport successfully implemented a single-stream program in 2011 that is still going strong (City of Shreveport, n.d.). From Shreveport’s success, we know two things:

We know that there is a materials recovery facility nearby. In fact, Donna Curtis of Shreveport Green indicated that Pratt Industries has a materials recovery facility adjacent to their paper mill (as cited by Patton, 2014). Pratt Industries is located in Shreveport, just across the Red River. Given this information, single-stream recycling is a feasible option for Bossier City.

We know that single-stream recycling can be offered to Bossier City residents at a marginal cost. According to the City of Shreveport, all Shreveport residential and commercial customers pay an additional $2.50 per month on their water bills to cover the costs associated with collecting recyclables. Currently, processing and transportation costs are not being passed on to Shreveport customers (City of Shreveport, n.d.). I am confident that Bossier City residents will embrace this marginal fee to have convenient recycling, especially since it costs more than $2.50 per month to make multiple trips to the recycling center.


Environmental Benefits

Recycling sustains our environment for future generations

Recycling Facts:


1 Ton of Recycled: Conserves:
Paper 7,000 gallons of water
Glass 1 ton of the Earth’s natural resources
Plastic > 7 cubic yards of landfill space
Aluminum cans 1,665 gallons of gasoline

We can conserve numerous resources every year

With single-stream recycling offering a more convenient way to recycle, I believe that this program will also have a greater impact on the environment. As the City of Shreveport (n.d.) states, “Recycling is good for the environment and will help offset the landfill operation if the people of Shreveport [and Bossier City] recycle….by reducing the amounts going into our landfills we are helping to sustain our environment for future generations” (Recycling tab).

To support this statement, Recycling Facts (2008-2017) lists several ways in which recycling aids the conservation of the Earth’s natural resources:

1 ton of recycled paper, conserves 7,000 gallons of water

1 ton of recycled glass, conserves 1 ton of the Earth’s natural resources

1 ton of recycled plastic, conserves more than 7 cubic yards of landfill space

1 ton of recycled aluminum cans, conserves 1,665 gallons of gasoline

Given my earlier estimation of 302,550 tons of recyclable trash generated every year, it is easy to see that the Shreveport-Bossier as the potential to conserve numerous resources every year. However, an important step in getting started is to make recycling easier for our residents.



We must conserve our resources

Inconvenient recycling is hindering our efforts

Single-stream recycling will:

Make recycling more convenient

Will ultimately prolong the useful life of our landfill

The benefits outweigh the costs to residents

Is the City of Bossier City ready to do its part?


Every community has the responsibility to ensure adequate measures are taken to sustain the environment for future generations. But an inconvenient recycling program is hindering conservation efforts in Bossier City.

By implementing a single-stream curbside recycling program, Bossier City recycling will be more convenient for residents. As a result, the useful life of our landfill will be prolonged and our environment will become more sustainable for future generations.


It is easy to see that the benefits of a stream-line recycling program outweigh the costs to Bossier City residents.

The City of Shreveport has already made a commitment to the environment by making recycling easier for residents. Therefore, I conclude my presentation by asking you this: Is the City of Bossier City ready to make the same commitment?


Questions, Comments, Concerns?

The floor is now open for questions, comments, and concerns

Contact information:


Phone: (888) 550 – 5258

Text: (888) 123 – 7090

Thank-you for joining me!


If anyone has any questions, comments, or concerns I will address those at this time.

I can also be reached by email, phone, or text, using the contact information provided on this slide.

Again, I thank you for meeting with me today. With your help, I am confident that we can make Bossier City a better place for ourselves and for future generations.



City of Bossier City Public Works Department: Solid Waste Division. (2017). Retrieved from

City of Shreveport Department of Public Works: Solid Waste Division. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Container Recycling Institute. (n.d.). Single stream recycling. Retrieved from

Darville-Shirey, T. (2008-2011). Curbside recycling in Bossier City. GoPetition. Retrieved from

Patton, D. (2014, May 27). Bossier City: Where are the curb-side bins? KTBS 3: On Your Side. Retrieved from

Recycling Facts. (2008-2017). Retrieved from

Smith, N. (2012, July 22). Curbside comes in dual- or single-stream options. The Bismarck Tribune. Retrieved from–or-single-stream-options/article_f6c9773a-d2b4-11e1-b21d-001a4bcf887a.html



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