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CASE 1: REGISTRIES AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT

CASE 1: REGISTRIES AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT

UHC’s Care Team Model

Union Health Center (UHC) embraced the patient-centered care team model very early on, which helped ease the transition to new workfl ows, processes, and features that are critical to change management and quality improvement. UHC clinicians and staff members are assigned to clinical care teams, composed of physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, medical assistants, and administrative staff members. The practice uses a full capitation model with standard fee-for-service and a fee-for-service plus care management payment model. Ten years ago, UHC instituted the California Health Care Foundation’s Ambulatory Intensive Caring Unit (AICU) model, which emphasizes intensive education and self-management strategies for chronic disease patients. The model relies heavily on the role of medical assistants (called patient care assistants or PCAs) and health coaches. Working closely with other members of the care team, PCAs and health coaches review and update patient information in the record, conducting personal outreach and self-management support, and providing certain clinical tasks. For instance, all PCAs have been trained to review measures (e.g., HgbA1C, blood pressure, and LDL cholesterol), provide disease education, and set and review patient health goals. A subset of higher- trained health coaches works more intensely with recently diagnosed diabetic patients or those patients whose condition is not well managed.

UHC’s eHealth Strategies

Patient registries. UHC uses patient registries to identify patients with specific conditions to ensure that those patients receive the right care, in the right place, at the right time. In some instances, they use registries to target cases for chart reviews and assess disease management strategies. For example, patients with uncontrolled hypertension are reviewed to help identify treatment patterns, reveal any need for more provider engagement, and may indicate the need for care team workflow changes. In the future, UHC would like to construct queries that combine diagnosis groups with control groups and stratify patients by risk group. For example, care teams could pull a report of all patients over the age of sixty-five with multiple chronic conditions or recent emergency room admissions.

Maximizing time and expertise. UHC uses technology such as custom EHR templates to support PCAs and free up clinicians for more specialized tasks and complex patients. For example, a PCA or health coach taking the blood pressure of a high-risk diabetic patient has been trained to determine whether or not BP is controlled. If it is not controlled, the health coach checks the electronic chart for standard instructions on how to proceed and may carry out instructions noted in the record. Or, if no information is available he or she will consult with another provider to adjust and complete the note. Following all visits with PCAs or health coaches, the patient’s record is electronically flagged for review and signed by the primary care physician.

Working with medical neighbors. The teams also collaborate with on-site specialists, pharmacists, social workers, physical therapists, psychologists, and nutritionists to enhance care coordination and whole-patient care. UHC has also adopted curbside consultations and e-consults to reduce specialty office visits. For example, if a hypertensive patient has uncontrolled blood pressure, the record is flagged by the PCA for further follow-up with a physician or nurse practitioner, who may opt for an e-consult with the nephrologist to discuss recommendations. UHC also has a specialty coordination team—composed of two primary care physicians, one registered nurse, one PCA, and one health coach—which functions as a liaison between primary and specialty providers.

Customized reporting. With their most recent upgrade to a Meaningful Use–certified version of their EHR, UHC will have the capacity to generate standardized Meaningful Use reports. UHC intends to construct queries that generate reports that group diagnosis groups with control groups and identify and manage subgroups of high-risk patients (or risk stratifi cation). For example, care teams can run a report of all patients with diabetes that have an elevated LDL and have not been prescribed a statin.

Challenges and Lessons

Learned Recruiting staff members with IT and clinical informatics expertise. Over the years, UHC has faced challenges in identifying and recruiting staff members with the right mix of IT and clinical informatics skills. Although effective in troubleshooting routine issues and hardware maintenance, UHC felt there was a clinical data analysis gap. To resolve this, UHC works closely with an IT consultant and also recruited a clinical informatics professional to work with providers and performance improvement staff members.

Consistent data entry. UHC’s lack of consistent data entry rules and structured data fields led to several challenges in producing reports and tracking patient subgroups. The problem stems from UHC’s lack of internal data entry policies as well as the record’s design. For instance, UHC cannot run reports on patients taking aspirin because this information may have been entered inconsistently across patient records. Moving forward, UHC will be implementing data entry rules and working closely with their vendor to maximize data capture.

Real-time data capture. UHC realized that by the time data reach the team, they may no longer be current. As a workaround they considered disseminating raw reports to clinical teams in real time, followed by tabulated, reformatted data. They are exploring the possibility of purchasing report writing software to streamline the process.

Managing multiple data sources. Similar to many practices, UHC pulls data from its billing system and clinical records, causing issues with data extraction. For example, pulling by billing codes does not provide the most accurate data when it comes to clinical conditions, health status, or population demographics. UHC recognized that to reduce errors in identifying patients and subgroups this will require custom reports.

Innovation Impact

• Forty-six percent reduction in overall annual health costs

• Eighteen percent reduction in total cost of care

• Signifi cant decline in emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and diagnostic services

• Signifi cant improvements in clinical indicators for diabetic patients

CASE 2: IMPLEMENTING A CAPACITY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM Doctors’ Hospital is a 162-bed, acute care facility located in a small city in the southeastern United States. The organization had a major fi nancial upheaval six years ago that resulted in the establishment of a new governing structure. The new governing body consists of an eleven-member authority board. The senior management of Doctors’ Hospital includes the CEO, three senior vice presidents, and one vice president. During the restructuring, the CIO was changed from a full-time staff position to a part-time contract position. The CIO spends two days every two weeks at Doctors’ Hospital. Doctors’ Hospital is currently in Phase 1 of a three-phase construction project. In Phase 2 the hospital will build a new emergency department (ED) and surgical pavilion, which are scheduled to be completed in eleven months.

Information Systems Challenge

The current ED and outpatient surgery department have experienced tremendous growth in the past several years. ED visits have increased by 50 percent, and similar increases have been seen in outpatient surgery. Management has identified that inefficient patient flow processes, particularly patient transfers and discharges, have resulted in backlogs in the ED and outpatient areas. The new construction will only exacerbate the current problem. Nearly a year ago Doctors’ Hospital made a commitment to purchase a capacity management software suite to reduce the inefficiencies that have been identified in patient flow processes. The original timeline was to have the new system pilot-tested prior to the opening of the new ED and surgical pavilion. However, with the competing priorities its members face as they deal with major construction, the original project steering committee has stalled. At its last meeting nearly six months ago, the steering committee identified the vendor and product suite. Budgets and timelines for implementation were proposed but not finalized. No other steps have been taken.

CASE 3: IMPLEMENTING TELE-PSYCHIATRY IN A COMMUNITY HOSPITAL EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT

Westend Hospital is a midsize, not-for-profit, community hospital in the Southeast. Each year, the hospital provides care to more than twelve thousand inpatients and sixty thousand emergency department (ED) patients. Over the past decade, the hospital has seen increasing numbers of patients with mental illness in the ED, largely because of the implementation of the state’s mental health reform act, which shifted care for patients with mental illness from state psychiatric hospitals to community hospitals and outpatient facilities. Westend ED has in essence become a safety net for many individuals living in the community who need mental health services. Largely considered a farming community, Westend County has a population of 120,000. Westend Hospital is the third largest employer in the county. However, Westend is not the only hospital in the county. The state still operates one of three psychiatric facilities in the county. Within a fi vemile radius of Westend Hospital is a 270-bed inpatient psychiatric hospital, Morton Hospital. Morton Hospital serves the citizens of thirty-eight counties in the eastern part of the state. Westend Hospital is fiscally strong with a stable management team. Anika Lewis has served as president-CEO for the past fifteen years. The remainder of the senior management team has been employed with Westend for eight to thirteen years. There are more than 150 active or affi liate members of the organized hospital medical staff and approximately 1,600 employees. The hospital has partnered with six outside management companies for services when the expertise is not easily found locally, including HighTech for assistance with IT services. In terms of its information systems, Westend Hospital has used Meditech since the 1990s, including for nursing documentation, order entry, and diagnostic results. The nursing staff members use bar-coding technology for medication administration and have done so for years. CPOE was implemented in the ED four years ago and hospital-wide two years ago along with a certified EHR system.

The Challenge

Westend Hospital has seen increasing numbers of mental health patients in the ED over the past decade. For the past three years, the ED has averaged one hundred mental health patients per month. Depending on the level of patient acuity and availability of state- or community-operated behavioral health beds, the patient may be held in the ED from two hours to eight days before a safe disposition plan can be implemented. The ED mental health caseload is also rapidly growing in acuity. Between 20 percent and 25 percent of the behavioral health patients are arriving under court order (involuntary commitment). The involuntary commitment patients are the most difficult in terms of developing a safe plan for disposition from the ED. The Westend Hospital’s inpatient behavioral health unit is currently an adult, voluntary admission unit and does not admit involuntary commitment patients. The length of stay for involuntary commitment patients in the ED can be quite long. In some cases, it may take three to four days to stabilize the patient on medication (while in the ED) before the patient meets criteria for discharge to outpatient care. Approximately 40 percent of the mental health patients in the ED, both involuntary commitment and voluntary, are discharged either to home or outpatient treatment. The psychiatrists and the emergency medicine physicians have met multiple times during the past six years to develop plans to improve the care of the mental health patients in the ED. Defining the criteria for an appropriate Westend psychiatrist consultation remains a challenge. The daily care needs of the mental health patients boarding in the ED are complex. The physicians have not been able to reach an agreement on this topic. Senior leaders have suggested that tele-psychiatry may be a partial solution to address this challenge.

Tele-psychiatry as a Strategy

Westend Hospital has chosen to consider contracting with a tele-psychiatry hospital network to provide tele-psychiatry services in the ED. The network has demonstrated good patient outcomes and is considered fi nancially feasible at a rate of $4,500 per month. This fee includes the equipment, management fees, and physician fees. The director of tele-psychiatry in the hospital network has verbally committed to work very closely with the Westend Hospital team to ensure a smooth implementation. Technology to support tele-psychiatry uses two-way, real-time, interactive audio and video through a secure encrypted wireless network. The patient and the psychiatric provider interact in the same manner as if the provider were physically present. The provider performing the patient consultation uses a desktop video conferencing system in the psychiatric offi ce. Tele-psychiatry as a solution to the mental health crisis in the ED was not immediately embraced by the medical staff members. They did agree to the implementation of tele-radiology four years previously. However, the most recent revision of the medical staff bylaws to support telemedicine explicitly states that the medical executive committee must approve, by a two-thirds vote, any additional telemedicine programs that may be introduced at the hospital. The medical staff leaders wanted to preserve their ability to maintain a fi nancially viable medical practice in the community as well as protect the quality of care. The idea of tele-psychiatry was introduced to portions of the medical staff. The psychiatrists realized that tele-psychiatry could relieve them of the burden of daily rounds in the ED for boarding patients. They were also concerned about their workload when tele-psychiatry was not available. The emergency medicine physicians immediately verbalized their disapproval on several levels. First, they were concerned about the reliability of the technology based on their experiences over the past several years with video remote interpreting. Then, the emergency medicine physicians were skeptical about the continued support from the psychiatrists when an in- person consultation might be clinically necessary. Physicians outside of the ED and psychiatry could not understand why the current psychiatrists could not meet the needs of the ED. The barriers to adoption of tele-psychiatry crossed three arenas: financial, behavioral, and technical. Subsequently, many conversations were conducted. Eventually, the medical executive committee approved tele-psychiatry as a new patient care service on June 25 of this year.

Implementation Plan

The CEO appointed the vice president of patient services as the executive sponsor. The implementation team includes the IT hardware and networking specialist, IT interface specialists, nursing informatics analyst, ED nurse director, behavioral health nurse director, assistant vice president patient services, physician clinical systems analyst, and the medical staff services coordinator. These individuals represent the major activities for implementation: provider credentialing, physician documentation, equipment and technical support, and patient care activities. Because of competing projects and psychiatry subject matter expertise, the executive sponsor will also serve as the project manager. The mental health crisis affecting the ED is the focal driver for change. Patient safety is at risk. Barriers to implement tele-psychiatry have been well documented. The strategies to overcome the barriers include defi ning the new role for the Westend psychiatrists, developing a process for ease of access and reliability of equipment for the ED physicians, and development of a plan when the tele-psychiatry program is not available. An unexpected barrier has been recently identified. On initiation of the tele-psychiatry provider credentialing process, the medical staff services coordinator discovered that the bylaws do not have a provision for credentialing of physician extenders in the telemedicine category. The tele-psychiatry providers include six board-certified psychiatrists and twelve mental health–trained nurse practitioners. The medical executive committee has agreed to ask the medical staff bylaws committee to convene and revise the bylaws accordingly. The original go-live date of September has been changed to December.

The executive sponsor along with the implementation team will be responsible for managing the organizational changes necessary to support the introduction of technology and new patient care flow processes. Managing organizational change will be essential to the success of this project. Some items in the project will be viewed as incremental change and other items will be viewed as step-shift change. Communication strategies will be developed to support the change

Assignment :

Select one of the listed above case studies in Case 1 – Registries and Disease Management in the PCMH, Case 2 – Implementing a Capacity Management Information System, or Case 3 – Implementing Tele-psychiatry in a Community Hospital Emergency Department.

-Discuss how this case can be applied to the goals of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Vision 2030.

Requirments :

· Two pages

· Cite a minimum of three articles to support your statements.

· APA writing style

· No plagiarism

Assignment 1: Medicaid Expansion Due Week 3 and worth 300 points

Assignment 1: Medicaid Expansion Due Week 3 and worth 300 points

Imagine that you are a health policy analyst for a state that has not elected to expand Medicaid as part of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). You have just been notified that the state leaders have agreed to reconsider their decision during an upcoming session. Go to the Kaiser Family Foundation Website, at www.kff.org, and The Commonwealth Fund website, at http://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/blog/2014/mar/medicaid-expansion-alternative-state-approaches, for additional information on Medicaid expansion.

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

1. Identify a state that has not elected to participate in the Medicaid expansion initiative under the Affordable Care Act. Critically analyze the implications of the state’s decision to opt out of Medicaid expansion on the citizens of the state.

2. Compare the potential opportunities and challenges of a state’s decision to opt into the Medicaid expansion.

3. Explore two (2) alternate approaches to expanding access to care that have been implemented or considered by states opting out of Medicaid expansion. Compare and contrast the two (2) alternate approaches to the Medicaid expansion initiative.

4. Provide a recommendation to the state legislature on whether or not the state should opt in to the Medicaid expansion. Provide a rationale for your recommendation.

5. Use at least three (3) recent (within the last five [5] years), quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

· Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

· Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

· Develop policies that ensure compliance of healthcare delivery systems with current legislation.

· Apply decision-making models to address difficult management situations.

· Use technology and information resources to research issues in Health Care Operations Management.

· Write clearly and concisely about Health Care Operations Management using proper writing mechanics.

Scenario: John Smith

Scenario: John Smith

Five years ago, John L. Smith decided he wanted to start his own technology service business. He rented

some office space, purchased some computer and network equipment, and installed a

telecommunications circuit to the Internet. Almost immediately, he started to acquire customers who

wanted him to host their business applications and for him to be responsible for the operational

availability of the applications. In other words, John would provide the space, servers and local area

network equipment, connectivity to the Internet, and an around-the-clock operational support staff. His

customers would provide the business application software, and they would manage it remotely.

During the first 5 years, John’s business grew substantially. He had to relocate his offices three times,

add computer and network equipment, increase the bandwidth and connectivity to the Internet, and

hire numerous administrative and technical support staff.

As John needed to add computer hardware, he would negotiate with local retail stores and purchase the

lowest cost equipment. If he needed additional communication services, he would go to the local

telephone company to add the bandwidth and connectivity he believed he needed.

Starting his sixth year in business, John has over 30 major long-term contracts, a 20,000 square foot data

center, a small storeroom for service parts, over 400 servers; and 100 full-time employees. Additionally,

he hosts 50 major business applications for his customers.

The organization configuration is fairly simple. John has set up an extremely flat organization in which

the majority (approximately 80%) of the staff are technical or operations support (network, server,

applications, operating systems, and database). Additionally, there is one contract, five helpdesk, one

project manager, and five administrative support staff. John does all of the marketing and sales and

personally negotiates each contract.

The cost structure is set up as follows:

 Floor space (includes utilities, rent, water, and so forth): $100/square foot (John pays

$25/square foot)

 Hardware (servers): Actual cost of each server as well as the number of servers required

(customers expected to reimburse John for parts)

 Labor: $25/hour as required for break/fix, updates, and so forth

 Internet connectivity: Cost per month spread across all contracts

Each month, hours are tabulated and additional costs are billed to each customer.

Over the past several years, John has been one of the few providers in this hosting business; however,

competition is now starting to challenge his company from a cost, efficiency, quality, and the kinds of

services provided. Additionally, existing customers are starting to complain about slow response times,

degradation of services, poor quality, lack of communication, and rising costs. In the past, when a

MGMT 647

customer made a request, the organization has accommodated for that request. As of recently, John is

taking responsibility for nearly half of the customer applications to include updates and changes.

A number of the customers have told John that they will have to reduce their effort with him if the

service-related issues are not corrected. A couple of them have sent correspondence to John stating the

following:

 Response times: When they provide updates and changes, the support staff is taking longer and

longer to implement the changes.

 Service degradation: The availability of the hardware platforms is trending downward. Where

the platforms were available around the clock, they are now suffering from some frequent and

long outage periods.

 Quality: When updates and changes are implemented, they are often not installed correctly and

have to be reinstalled.

 Communication: Whether changes to the platforms or coordinating outages, the support team

does not notify the customers and the issues are beginning to impact their revenue stream.

 Costs: In the past, when additional equipment was needed, John purchased, installed it, and

billed it back to the customer each month. Also, the cost of support over the past few years has

been steadily increasing.

John is now beginning to wonder whether he should outsource or even offshore some of the functions

and services he is offering to an organization that specializes more in a specific area. He has contacted a

number of outsourcing organizations as well as an organization in India that might be able to run his

service center help desk. The cost seems to be less expensive than what he is able to provide to his

customers. Also, he thought it might be a good idea because he is starting to expand his company to

global customers. He now has two smaller contracts with European customers, and this appears to be

an area that is going to grow.

Your task starts with assisting Smith with an assessment of his current business situation. Then, you will

assist him in developing an operations strategy that can be used to improve his operational performance

and business profile. The overall goal of assisting Smith is to help him assess and determine how each of

these areas impacts his business and recommend some solutions so he can optimize his operations and

competitive profile.

MGMT647 Welcome

MGMT647 Welcome

Operations Strategies Chat Overview

  • Building Manufacturing Efficiency and Responsiveness
  • Building Service Efficiency and Responsiveness
  • Knowing your customer
  • Meeting customer needs
  • Competitive Analysis
  • Phase 3 review

Manufacturing Efficiency

Areas of inefficiency

  • Inventory
  • Wait or Delay
  • Scrap, defects or quality issues
  • Transportation
  • Extra processing
  • Overproduction
  • Motion
  • Under-trained personnel

Manufacturing Efficiency

Corrections for efficiency

  • Inventory – _______________________________________________
  • Wait or Delay – __________________________________________
  • Scrap, defects or quality issues – ______________________

_____________________________________________________________

  • Transportation – _________________________________________
  • Extra processing – _______________________________________
  • Overproduction – _________________________________________
  • Motion – __________________________________________________
  • Under-trained personnel – _______________________________

Service Efficiency

Areas of inefficiency

  • Homegrown procedures
  • Inconsistent Communications
  • Silos
  • Unclear Expectations or Results
  • Lack of Capacity
  • Shortage of Materials/Supplies
  • Rapid Industry Changes
  • Unrealized Opportunity

Service Efficiency

Corrections for efficiency

  • Homegrown procedures – _________________________________
  • Inconsistent Communications – ___________________________
  • Silos – _______________________________________________________
  • Unclear Expectations or Results – ________________________
  • Lack of Capacity – __________________________________________
  • Shortage of Materials/Supplies – ___________________
  • Rapid Industry Changes – ___________________________________
  • Unrealized Opportunity – ____________________________________

TRENDS IN COMPLAINT RESOLUTION

Complaints are more likely to be acted upon when:

complaints are __________

formally designated ____________ are involved

someone with a ___________ to the company is involved

the complaint is about the ___________as opposed to an employee’s _____________

SERVICE RECOVERY

Service recovery paradox

customers are likely to evaluate a firm higher if a mistake ______ and ________ than had the service been delivered correctly the first time.

Toyota

GM

United Airlines (and others)

DEVELOPING A SERVICE RECOVERY PROGRAM

_________ the costs

calculate the lifetime value of a customer

_________ encourage complaints

_________ needs for recovery

________ quickly

_____ employees

________ the front-line

Close the ____

SERVICE RECOVERY EVALUATION

Perceived justice needs–based on equity theory which weighs outcomes versus inputs

__________ justice

outcomes

__________ justice

process

__________ justice

the human content of the recovery process

TYPICAL RECOVERY STRATEGIES
(distributive justice outcomes)

Compensatory strategies

_____

discounts

________

free ancillary service

Refunds

TYPICAL RECOVERY STRATEGIES
(distributive justice outcomes)

___________

Replacement strategies

________

Disregard

RECOVERY TACTICS

Poor responses

Fail to recognize the seriousness of the problem

Fail to adequately accommodate the customer

Act as though nothing is wrong

Fail to explain why the problem occurred

Leave the customer to solve the problem on his or her own

Promise to do something and don’t follow through

Article 1:

Article 1:

As an IT manager, discuss how your company will use Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) to integrate the various functions of an entity. What are the advantages of using ERP? In your discussion, please be sure to provide substantive explanation of what ERP is and give example(s) of ERP. Use APA throughout.

It is necessary to understand what is ERP and how can it help organization business. ERP stands for enterprise resource planning. Companies have relied on it since the 90’s to streamline processes and improve data visibility around finance project management and manufacturing..

ERP cloud offers a more reasonable option for ERP as it eliminates the requirement for Software and Hardware staff. ERP cloud empowers organizations of all sizes and across all industries to make significant cost savings, improve business insight, enhance collaboration and increase efficiency.

For instance, oracle ERP cloud is built for the digital age delivering on the promise of end-to-end process visibility and speed all at a lower cost. ERP is being used by organizations so that all the department have the details of what is happening in the organization at a given point. ERP is a software customized based on the need of the company. When data is updated at one place, it also gets updated at all the other departments so that various reports can be generated by various departments.

Let’s take an example of an component which has come for a assembly in a manufacturing company. The component may be a raw material which is brought by the procurement department. So this information is taken up by stores but once they update that information, the same information in terms of value gets updated to Finance Resource Management. Manufacturing department knows that material has come which can be used for manufacturing of component. Customer Relationship Manager will know that this manufactured item will be used for that assembly and now they can  inform the customers that the component can or assembly can be available.

Supply Chain Management is not only about supplying outside customers but internal also because this component will move from machine to machine within the company. So this information will also get updated and that information can be available to all the departments within the company.

Let’s take another example to understand the Enterprise Resource Planning. When a company gets an order, more man power will be required. Hence human resource management will also get that information that a particular type of work has increased so they would require more man power.

In conclusion, ERP links all the departments and the main objective is to link all the departments and update all the information at all time so that at any given point of time, all the departments are aware of  what is happening in the company. Big companies will not be able to manage without ERP as there is lot of information as different components gets manufactured at different points of time and there is a need to obtain all the data at one place.

Article 2:

As an IT manager, discuss how your company will use Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) to integrate the various functions of an entity. What are the advantages of using ERP? In your discussion, please be sure to provide substantive explanation of what ERP is and give example(s) of ERP. Use APA throughout.

Enterprise resource planning is software which used to manage the business process and business requirements of an organization with help of information systems. Before ERP it was like a Materials Requirement Planning.

Enterprise Resource Planning below listed modules

•           Human Resource

•           Inventory

•           Sales and Marketing

•           Purchase

•           Finance and Accounting

•           Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

•           Engineering/Production.

•           Supply Chain Management.

Here I would like to take Pharmacy Distribution Company as my Entity. If I am the IT manager I will focus on ERP system that best fits for the company because based upon the organization standard there are several ERP’s available in the market. So my choice will be Microsoft Dynamics Axapta.  For a Pharma Distribution Company the business will run around three modules First one is Distribution Company, the second one is Customers to the Distribution Company and the third one is Vendors of the company.

For a distribution company, ERP is used for managing the marketing of the company, customers and customer orders of the company.  In other way, they can use to manage their sales representatives.  For a company, ERP provides the customer information. Based on the customer information the sales representatives make their sales process. It is used for storing the customer orders, invoices process, credit management.  It will be helpful for marketing whenever a new product came into our distribution company from the vendor. ERP will provide the payment process between the company and customers, and company and vendors. With all the details sales representatives take orders, raise invoices and manage the credit recovery from the customers.

So when coming to vendor modules of the organization ERP will store the vendors’ list and product list from the company. It will help to maintain the inventory for our distribution services.  We can trace products available. We can trace how much products need to be ordered from vendors. We can handle the financial transactions between company and vendors.

Customer module here ERP system will provide data entry forms for entering the details of their stories, orders and credit check details. The customer can access the available products at the company. Easy bill payment process.

By using ERP system organization will have a clear idea of their investments, return on investment, profits or losses. Based upon the details provided by the ERP reports they can change strategies for the organizational growth.

Article/Case – Financial Statement Submissions Scenario

Article/Case – Financial Statement Submissions Scenario

You are generating financial reports such as a balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows. You noticed that there are irregularities on the financial statements that are not recognized using generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). You have decided that you need to review the GAAP guidelines before the financial reports can be submitted.

 

Review the following link:

 

http://www.accountingfoundation.org/jsp/Foundation/Page/FAFBridgePage&cid=1176164538898

 

Be prepared to discuss in class:

· Why generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) are required

· The impact to shareholders if the information is not aligned to GAAP

· Five ways this financial reporting requirement impact the economy

Construct Histograms, and Build Frequency Distributions Part 2

Construct Histograms, and Build Frequency Distributions Part 2

Part 2 — Submit during Module 03:

1. Discuss the importance of the Measures of Center and the Measures of Variation.

a. What are the measures of center and why are they important?

b. What are the measures of variation and why are they important?

2. Using the variable that you analyzed in Part 1, calculate the measures of center and measures of variation. Interpret your results in context of your chosen scenario.

a. Mean

b. Median

c. Mode

d. Midrange

e. Range

f. Variance

g. Standard Deviation

3. Perform an exploratory data analysis on your variable by calculating the 5-number summary. Interpret your results in context of your chosen scenario.

4. Conclusion

a. Recap your ideas by summarizing the information presented.

This assignment should be formatted using APA guidelines and be a minimum of 2 pages in length.

Financial Statements Part One

Financial Statements Part One

Part 1. Answer the following questions, within 100 words minimum

Need by 7/24/2018

Chapter 10

Managing Working Capital

1. How might inventory and accounts receivables be leveraged for short-term financing?

2. Suppose you own a water purification company that sells and installs reverse osmosis systems for homes and businesses. You have a large profitable job lined up two months away, but after buying all of the supplies, you do not have enough capital to sustain the business until that time. What would you do?

Working Capital

3. What factors determine the amount of working capital that a new small business must budget?

4. Suppose you start a business that has a soft opening and sells half of the expected product in the first quarter. You notice towards the end of the quarter that sales pick up near what was expected. How much working capital might you need to budget ahead of time to overcome this obstacle, and how would you obtain this amount of working capital

Chapter 11

Cash Flow Management

5. What factors are involved in cash flow management as they relate to various payment methods?

6. What kinds of payment terms might the business venture have with its vendor to help manage its cash flow?

7. Suppose you own a small business. Why might it be more beneficial to accept: debit or cash versus a credit or check payment?

Determining Cash Needs

8. How would you determine the need for cash in your business.   Give an example to illustrate your answer.

Chapter 12

Inventory

9. What is inventory and why is it important for your business, investors or potential lenders? Reserve

Banks as a source of Financing

10. What types of benefits and services must a small business expect from a bank that it has a merchant account with?

11. What other useful tools, such as inventory management assistance or a point of sale system (POS), would a bank offer its customers?

12. Suppose you own a small business and are researching with which bank to open your merchant account. Which benefit, service, or tool offered by banks is most important for you? Explain

Part 2: Funding the Business Need by 7/25/2018

This assignment asks you to describe a new business you’d like to start, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of starting a business from scratch versus buying an existing business.

Assignment Steps

Write a 1,050- to 1400-word paper on funding a business, in which you:

· Describe the various types of funding available to a business, and include at least three examples.

· Explain the advantages and disadvantages of each type of funding.

· Identify the best source of funding for your business, and explain why you selected this source.

· Explain how you plan to grow and support the business over the next 3-5 years.

· Describe the major costs that you will need to cover prior to generating any revenue, and how you plan to cover your cash management.

· Determine your anticipated “break-even” point at which you expect to start seeing a return on your investment (for both your investors and you).

Part 3: Cash Conversion Need by 7/27/2018

One downfall of many small businesses is the inability to keep sufficient cash on hand and to calculate the amount of liquid cash that is necessary for day-to-day operations. This assignment asks you to calculate cash conversion and to determine the funds necessary for the maintenance of business health.

Assignment Steps

Complete Parts 1 and 2 of the Cash Conversion Cycle. Use Microsoft® Excel® to record your calculations. Note: formulas for the cash conversion cycle are included in the document.

Write a 350- to 525-word paper in which you complete the following:

· Explain the difference between permanent and temporary working capital, and describe what a firm could do to minimize risk.

· Evaluate how small adjustments made to total cash conversion can have a large impact upon the financial health of a company.

· Describe Economic Order Quantity (EOQ Using the EOQ formula and an example product for your business, determine the optimal quantity of the item to purchase that will help to minimize the annual total costs of keeping that item in inventory.

· Describe what a Just-in-Time (JIT) inventory system is and its significance in reducing inventory costs.

· Show all cash conversion cycle calculations in a spreadsheet, and attach it as an Appendix.

Lesson 2.7

Lesson 2.7

Introduction

Course Objectives

This lesson will address the following course outcomes:

· 21. Describe the behavior of common types of functions using words, algebraic symbols, graphs, and tables. Include descriptions of the dependent and independent variables.

Specific Objectives

Students will understand that

· that the family of the equation indicates the shape of the graph.

Students will be able to

· create a graph of an equation by plotting points.

In lesson 1.3 you learned that numbers and variables were used to create expressions, equations, and inequalities.  In this lesson we will look more closely at equations, identify their families, and learn to graph them.  We will begin with the fundamentals of graphing.

The first graph you used in this course was a number line.  It is frequently used to show intervals of values resulting from solving inequalities that contain only one variable.

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27g1.JPG

Graphs are more often used for showing the relationship between two variables.  In such cases, two number lines are made to intersect each other at right angles to form a rectangular (or Cartesian) coordinate system.  The horizontal axis is often called the x axis.  The vertical axis is often called the y axis.  To locate a point on the graph requires two numbers, the x coordinate and the y coordinate.  These coordinates are written as an ordered pair (x,y).  The two axes intersect at the origin (0,0).

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27g2.JPG

To plot points, find the x coordinate on the x axis then move up or down until reaching the y coordinate.  For example, to graph the ordered pair (2,3), find the 2 on the x axis, then move your pencil up 3 units.

Similarly, to plot (-3,-4), start at -3 on the x axis then go down 4 units.

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27g3.JPG

#1 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

Plot the points (-1,2), and (4,-2) on the graph.

Clear All Draw: Dot

Population Projections

Graphing Population Projections

In Lesson 2.6 you found the absolute and relative change in the populations of several states.  The data below is for Washington.

In 2000, the population in WA was 5,900,000.

In 2010, the population in WA was 6,700,000.

#2 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

What was the absolute change in population for the decade?

#3 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

What was the relative change in population for the decade?  Round to 1 decimal place if needed.

%

Graphs, based on mathematical models, are often used for making projections into the future for planning purposes.  People tend to believe official looking graphs, however one good critical thinking skill is to always question predictions about the future.

#4 Points possible: 12. Total attempts: 5

To open your thoughts to different possible futures for the population of Washington State, consider possible curves that include the two population values give above and extend out to 2020.  Match each of the scenarios below to one of the graphs.

·  The population of Washington continues to grow, but at a slower rate. People have stopped moving to the state.

·  The population of Washington grows until there is a catastrophic event causing a large part of the population to flee the state

·  The population of Washington continues to grow at a steady constant rate

·  The population of Washington grows, and because it is such a great place to live there is a large influx of additional people who move to the state, driving up the population rapidly

a. https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27e4g3.JPG

b. https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27e4g1.JPG

c. https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27e4g4.JPG

d. https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27e4g2.JPG

 

#5 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

In an earlier question, you calculated the absolute change in Washington’s population from 2000 to 2010.  If the population continues to grow with the same absolute change, what will the population be in 2020?

people

#6 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

In an earlier question, you calculated the relative change in Washington’s population from 2000 to 2010.  If the population continues to grow with the same relative change, what will the population be in 2020?

people

Families of Equations

Families of Equations

The two graphs you just made will be used to help show you the difference between families of equations.  The line that showed the same absolute change is a straight line.  Straight lines are the type of line that results from a linear equation.  The line that showed the same relative change is a curve that is typical of those produced from exponential equations.  These are two of the three families that you should be able to recognize and graph.

The three families of equations that are explored in this course are linear equations, exponential equations and quadratic equations.  Examples of these are shown in the table below.

Linear equation  2x+3y=62x+3y=6 y=12x−3y=12x-3  y=3xy=3x
Exponential equation  y=2xy=2x  y=(12)xy=(12)x  A=1000(1+0.03)tA=1000(1+0.03)t
Quadratic equation  y=x2y=x2  y=x2−4y=x2-4  d=12gt2d=12gt2

#7 Points possible: 9. Total attempts: 5

Certain characteristics or features are unique to each family of equations.  Looking at the examples in the table above, match each characteristic with the family it is unique to.

·     x and y are first degree (not raised to a power)

·     x is in the exponent

·     x is squared (and y is not)

 

#8 Points possible: 9. Total attempts: 5

Identify each of the following equations as linear, exponential or quadratic

·     y=3×2+6x+9y=3×2+6x+9

·     y=50(1.04)xy=50(1.04)x

·     y=−2x+5y=-2x+5

 

Graphs of Families

Graphs of the Families of Equations

Each family has a distinctive shape for its graph.  Knowing the shape helps with graphing.

Graphs of linear equations produce straight lines.

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/m96L27g4.JPG

Graphs of exponential equations produce J-shaped growth or decay curves.

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27g5.JPG

Quadratic equations produce U-shaped parabolas.

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27g6.JPG

One way to graph any equation is with a table of values.  Before graphing, identify the family of the equation first, so you know the expected shape of the graph.  Then use a table of values, by selecting x values, substituting them into the equation, and finding the y value.  Plot the (x,y) ordered pairs and then connect the points with a line that extends to the borders of the grid.

To graph linear equations, select three x values.  The first x value to be selected should be 0.  To make your workload easier, the remaining 2 values you select should be numbers that cancel with the denominator of the fraction being multiplied times x.  For example, for the linear equation y=12x−3y=12x-3 , select 0 then numbers such as 2, 4, 6, -2, -4.   For the linear equation y=−53x+2y=-53x+2 , select 0 then numbers such as 3,6, -3, -6.  By using numbers that can be divided by the denominator, your y value will not be a fraction, making it easier to graph.

Example:  Graph y=12x−3y=12x-3

Table of values:

x Substitution Simplification y Ordered pair
0  y=12(0)−3y=12(0)-3 y=0−3y=0-3 -3 (0, -3)
2  y=12(2)−3y=12(2)-3 y=1−3y=1-3 -2 (2, -2)
-2 y=12(−2)−3y=12(-2)-3 y=−1−3y=-1-3 -4 (-2, 4)

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27e1.JPG

In the next series of questions, to draw the graph, first select the appropriate tool below the graph, one of https://www.wamap.org/img/tpline.gifhttps://www.wamap.org/img/tpparab.png, or https://www.wamap.org/img/tpexp.png.  Click in the graph to place the first point, then click elsewhere to place the second point.  You can move the points by clicking-and-dragging them.  To remove a graph, drag a point outside the graph.  If possible, use nice integer coordinates when you graph.  For example, if you have a choice between plotting (-2, 4) and (1,23)(1,23) , use (-2, 4).

#9 Points possible: 21. Total attempts: 5

What is the family of the equation y=32x+4y=32x+4?

· linear

· quadratic

· exponential

Fill in the table with values for the equation.

X Y
0
2
-2
4
-4

Graph the equation

Clear All Draw: Line Parabola Exponential

To graph exponential equations, keep in mind the expected shape.  The first three x values to select should be 0, 1 and -1 because they will show if it is a growth or decay J curve.  Select 0 because any value raised to the 0 power equals 1.  Select 1 because any value raised to the first power equals itself.  Select -1 because a value raised to the -1 power is the reciprocal.  Plotting the ordered pairs for these three values should give you a reasonably good idea of what the graph will look like.  Then you need to determine when it will go off the grid.  It should go off the grid on one side just above the x axis and on the other side off the top of the grid.

Example:  Graph y=2xy=2x

x Substitution Simplification y Ordered pair
0 y=20y=20   1 (0, 1)
1 y=21y=21   2 (1, 2)
-1  y=2−1y=2-1 y=121y=121 1212 (−1,12)(-1,12)
-5  y=2−5y=2-5 y=125y=125 132132 (−5,132)(-5,132)
2  y=22y=22   4 (2,4)(2,4)
3 y=23y=23   8 Off the grid

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27e2.JPG

#10 Points possible: 21. Total attempts: 5

What is the family of the equation y=(4)xy=(4)x?

· linear

· quadratic

· exponential

Fill in the table with values for the equation.  Enter y values as decimals rounded to 3 decimal places, not fractions.

X Y
0
1
-1
3
-3

Graph the equation.

Clear All Draw: Line Parabola Exponential

To graph quadratic equations, plot each point as you calculate it.  Keep in mind the expected shape of the parabola.  Select x values that will help complete the shape.  You almost always need to include some negative x values.  Remember that squaring a negative number produces a positive number.

Example:   Graph y=x2−3y=x2-3

x Substitution Simplification y Ordered pair
0  y=02−3y=02-3  y=0−3y=0-3 -3 (0, -3)
1  y=12−3y=12-3  y=1−3y=1-3 -2 (1, -2)
-1  y=(−1)2−3y=(-1)2-3  y=1−3y=1-3 -2 (-1, -2)
2  y=22−3y=22-3  y=4−3y=4-3 1 (2, 1)
-2  y=(−2)2−3y=(-2)2-3  y=4−3y=4-3 1 (-2, 1)
3 y=32−3y=32-3 y=9−3y=9-3 6 Off the grid

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96L27e3.JPG

#11 Points possible: 21. Total attempts: 5

What is the family of the equation y=−3×2+3y=-3×2+3?

· quadratic

· linear

· exponential

Fill in the table with values for the equation

X Y
0
1
-1
2
-2

Graph the equation

HW 2.7

#1 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

Match each graph with the corresponding function type.

·

·

·

 

#2 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

Match each graph with the corresponding function type.

·

·

·

 

#3 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

What is the family of the equation y=25x−4y=25x-4?

· exponential

· linear

· quadratic

Fill in the table with values for the equation.

X Y
0
5
-5
10
-10

Graph the equation

Clear All Draw: Line Parabola Exponential

#4 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

What is the family of the equation y=(3)xy=(3)x?

· exponential

· quadratic

· linear

Fill in the table with values for the equation.  Enter y values as decimals rounded to 3 decimal places, not fractions.

X Y
0
1
-1
3
-3

Graph the equation.

Clear All Draw: Line Parabola Exponential

#5 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

What is the family of the equation y=−14x+4y=-14x+4?

· linear

· exponential

· quadratic

Fill in the table with values for the equation.

X Y
0
4
-4
8
-8

Graph the equation

Clear All Draw: Line Parabola Exponential

#6 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

What is the family of the equation y=−4×2+2y=-4×2+2?

· linear

· exponential

· quadratic

Fill in the table with values for the equation

X Y
0
1
-1
2
-2

Graph the equation

Clear All Draw: Line Parabola Exponential

#7 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

What is the family of the equation y=34x−2y=34x-2?

· linear

· exponential

· quadratic

Create a table of values for the equation on paper and use it to help you graph the equation.

Clear All Draw: Line Parabola Exponential

#8 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

What is the family of the equation y=4×2−3y=4×2-3?

· quadratic

· linear

· exponential

Create a table of values for the equation on paper and use it to help you graph the equation.

Clear All Draw: Line Parabola Exponential

#9 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

What is the family of the equation y=(12)xy=(12)x?

· linear

· quadratic

· exponential

Create a table of values for the equation on paper and use it to help you graph the equation.

Clear All Draw: Line Parabola Exponential

Lesson 2.4

Lesson 2.4

Introduction

Course Objectives

This lesson will address the following course outcomes:

· 9. Compare proportional relationships represented in different ways, considering units when doing so.

Specific Objectives

Students will understand that

· population density is a ratio of the number of people per unit area.

· population density may be described proportionately to compare populations.

Students will be able to

· calculate population densities.

· calculate population density proportions from density ratios.

· compare and contrast populations via their densities.

Problem Situation 1: Using Ratios to Measure Population Density

Earth’s human population has grown from about 1 billion people to nearly 7 billion in the last two centuries. However, populations in different regions do not always grow uniformly. For example, populations tend to increase in areas where people already live close enough to one another to find mates. On the other hand, crowded populations decrease when deadly diseases such as smallpox or Ebola virus, sweep through them. In this lesson, you will compare geographic regions by their population densities.

Definition: The population density of a geographic region is a ratio of the number of people living in that region to the area of the region. Population density ratios are “reduced” by division in order to compare them with a standard area measurement.

Art Stage

Example:  Performance Art Stage

Suppose an artist created a performance art event.  On one stage that measures 20 feet by 20 feet there are 100 people spaced so that each person stands on a 2 foot by 2 foot square.

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96-2-4-stage.jpg

The population density of the stage could be expressed as 100 people per 400 square feet, 100 people400 square feet100 people400 square feet .

Or this could be rewritten with a 1 in the numerator to indicate how much space each person has.  To do this, divide the numerator and the denominator values by 100, getting 1 person per 4 square feet, or it could be expressed as fractions:  100 people400 square feet=1 person4 square feet100 people400 square feet=1 person4 square feet .

Population density is often expressed as the number of people per square unit.  To rewrite the ratio this way, express the ¼ as the decimal 0.25: 1 person4 square feet=0.25 person1 square foot1 person4 square feet=0.25 person1 square foot .

#1 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

In another part of the performance art event, on a nearby patio of size 10 feet by 10 feet there are 25 people, each standing on his or her own 2 foot by 2 foot square.  How does this population density compare with that of the stage described above?

· It would be larger

· It would be smaller

· It would be the same

#2 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

Remember the 100 people evenly spaced on the 20 foot by 20 foot stage.  Next they move around to form conversation subgroups by clustering close together.  How does this affect the population density of the stage?

· It would be larger

· It would be smaller

· It would be the same

A Classroom

Imagine a classroom of students.

#3 Points possible: 6. Total attempts: 5

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96-2-4-class1.JPG

In the picture above, there are 30 students standing in a 18 foot by 20 foot rectangle.  Calculate the population density (rounded to 2 decimal places), selecting the appropriate units.

 

Suppose we wanted to compare the densities of several populations, knowing the number of people in each population and where they live.  Using the ideas from the last few problems, we could do this by dividing the number of people by the area in which they live (in square units:  square miles, square kilometers, square feet, etc.).

Consider the room to be a “county” containing a city, a suburb, and rural area. In the picture below an area has been designed a “city”, another area has been designated a “suburb”, and the remaining space is the “rural” area.  The students have moved so that the city is fairly crowded, the suburb is less crowded, and the rural area has only a few people.

#4 Points possible: 12. Total attempts: 5

https://s3.amazonaws.com/wamapdata/ufiles/2/M96-2-4-class2.JPG

In the picture above, 16 students have crowded into the 8ft by 8ft region designated the “city”, while 12 students are in the 12ft by 10ft region designed the “suburb”.  Calculate the population density of each region (rounded to 2 decimal places), selecting the appropriate units.

Population density of the “city” region:

Population density of the “suburb” region:

#5 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

Compare the population density of the city and the suburb regions.

The population density of the city is  times the population density of the suburb.

#6 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

Did the population density of the “county” (the classroom as a whole) change when people moved to the city and suburb (as compared to when they were scattered throughout the room)?

· No, the population density of the country didn’t change

· Yes, the population density is smaller after the move

· Yes, the population density is larger after the move

Notice a few important things:

· In the last set of problems, the density of the whole classroom was smaller than the density of the “city” region, even though there were more people in the whole classroom.  The point is that the density depends on both the number of people and the area, and that more total people doesn’t necessarily mean a higher density.

· A ratio such as population density is useful because it helps you compare groups and areas of different sizes. You could compare the density of your classroom to the density of a group in the gymnasium because you are taking the ratio down to a unit rate (number of people per 1 square foot). This standardizes the measurement. This is a common use of ratios.

· A limitation of population density is that it measures an “average” as if the population were spaced out evenly.  In a country or state, the population density would be greater in the cities, and smaller in the rural areas.  Looking at the average population density for a country ignores this.

#7 Points possible: 6. Total attempts: 5

Imagine a very crowded large city, with each person standing on his or her own 2-foot-by-2-foot square, where the squares are adjacent. Calculate the population density per square mile. (1 mile = 5,280 feet)

Try the problem on your own first. If you are having trouble after 2 tries, we will break it down.

Population density:  people per square mile

#8 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

Imagine an average city like Lakewood or Puyallup, where each person could stand on his or her own 100-foot-by-100-foot square.  Calculate the population density per square mile, to the nearest whole person.

people per square mile

China

Problem Situation 2: Making Comparisons with Population Density

How crowded is China, compared to the United States?

#9 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

In 2010, in the United States, approximately 309,975,000 people occupied 3,717,000 square miles of land. In China, approximately 1,339,190,000 people lived on 3,705,000 square miles of land. Use this information to answer the following questions.

Using your estimation skills, is the density of China more or less dense than the United States?

· China is more dense than the United States

· China is about the same density as the United States

· China is less dense than the United States

#10 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

Using estimation and the numbers from the last problem, determine the best whole number that completes the sentence below.

China’s population density is approximately  times as dense as that of the United States

#11 Points possible: 15. Total attempts: 5

Calculate more precisely, to one decimal place, the densities per square mile of the Chinese and U.S. populations.

Density of U.S.:   people per square mile

Density of China:   people per square mile

Based on those calculations, complete the sentence below with a value accurate to one decimal place.

China’s population density is  times as dense as that of the United States

HW 2.4

#1 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

Which of the following was one of the main mathematical ideas of the lesson? The questions refer to the following quantities:

50 people/mi2          20 ft/5 sec        34%

· All three figures are population densities.

· Only the first two figures are ratios.

· All three of the figures are ratios.

· The second figure could be written as 4 ft/sec.

#2 Points possible: 15. Total attempts: 5

Use the picture below to answer the questions. https://wamaps3.s3.amazonaws.com/qimages/2.1.1.1.PNG

a. What is the density of the stars in Rectangle B? Round to the nearest hundredth of a star per square foot.  stars/ft2

b. What is the density of the stars in Rectangle A (Note: The stars in Rectangle B are also in Rectangle A). Round to the nearest hundredth of a star per square foot. stars/ft2

c. Suppose three new stars were added in the gray part of Rectangle A. Which of the following statements would be correct?

· The density of Rectangle A would increase. The density of Rectangle B would increase.

· The density of Rectangle A would decrease. The density of Rectangle B would decrease.

· The density of Rectangle A would decrease. The density of Rectangle B would stay the same.

· The density of Rectangle A would increase. The density of Rectangle B would stay the same.

· The density of Rectangle A would stay the same. The density of Rectangle B would increase.

#3 Points possible: 10. Total attempts: 5

Wikipedia states the following about Anchorage, Alaska: “The city constitutes more than 40 percent of the state’s total population.1

a. Calculate the population density for Anchorage, based on a 2010 population of 291,826 people living on 1,961.1 square miles. Round to the nearest person per square mile.  people/mi2

b. Wikipedia also says that the small Alaskan town of Ketchikan has the densest population in Alaska. Ketchikan had a population of 7,368 in 2010 and an area of 4.1 square miles. Calculate the population density of Ketchikan. Round to the nearest person per square mile.  people/mi2

#4 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

The following information comes from the lesson:

  Population Land Area (sq. miles) 
United States          309,975,000 3,717,000
China 1,339,190,000 3,705,000

In India, about 1,184,639,000 people live on 1,269,000 square miles of land2. Which of the following statements is false?

· The population density of India is approximately three times that of China.

· The population density of India is approximately 11 times the population density of the United States.

· The population densities of these three countries ranked from smallest to largest are United States, India, and China.

· The population density of the United States is approximately 83.4 people per square mile. That is smaller than the population densities for China and India.

#5 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

Which of the following population densities are equivalent to a density of 20 people/mi2? There may be more than one correct answer.

· 1 person/0.5 mi2

· 1 person/0.05 mi2

· 200 people/2 mi2

· 100 people/5 mi2

· 1 person/0.2 mi2

#6 Points possible: 10. Total attempts: 5

One way to measure a country’s economy is per capita gross domestic product, or per capita GDP. This is the value of all the products and services produced in a country over the course of a year divided by its population.

a. According to the CIA’s The World Factbook, in 2010, the United States had a per capita GDP of $47,400. If the population was about 309 million, which of the following is a reasonable estimate for the GDP of the United States?

· $60 trillion

· $60 billion

· $15 billion

· $15 trillion

· $2.3 trillion

b. Also according to The World Factbook, in 2010, China had a per capita GDP of $7,400 and a population of around 1,337,000,000. Which of the following is a reasonable estimate for the GDP of China?

· $60 trillion

· $60 billion

· $15 billion

· $2.3 trillion

· None of the above

#7 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5

The population of Nebraska is 1,826,341, and its population density is 23.8 people per mi2. The population of New Hampshire is 1,316,470, and its population density is 146.8 people per mi2. Which of the following statements is a valid interpretation of this information?

· The population of New Hampshire is approximately 139% of the population of Nebraska.

· Nebraska is approximately six times more densely populated than New Hampshire.

· The population of Nebraska is approximately 72% of the population of New Hampshire.

· New Hampshire is approximately six times more densely populated than Nebraska.