Bank 1 has assets composed solely of a 10-year, 12 percent coupon, $1 million loan with a 12 percent yield to maturity. It is financed with a 10-year, 10 percent coupon, $1 million CD with a 10 percent yield to maturity.
Bank 2 has assets composed solely of a 7-year, 12 percent, zero-coupon bond with a current value of $894,006.20 and a maturity value of $1,976,362.88. It is financed with a 10-year, 8.275 percent coupon, $1,000,000 face value CD with a yield to maturity of 10 percent.
All securities except the zero-coupon bond pay interest annually. ( LG 3-4 )
a. If interest rates rise by 1 percent (100 basis points), how do the values of the assets and liabilities of each bank change?
b. What accounts for the differences between the two banks’ accounts?
What is the duration of a five-year, $1,000 Treasury bond with a 10 percent semiannual coupon selling at par? Selling with a yield to maturity of 12 percent? 14 percent? What can you conclude about the relationship between duration and yield to maturity? Plot the relationship. Why does this relationship exist? ( LG 3-7 )