Essay 350 words reactions between Base and Acid

Essay 350 words reactions between Base and Acid

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Issuing Date 09-Jan-2012 Revision Date 18-Oct-2016 Revision Number 1

1. IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE/PREPARATION AND OF THE COMPANY/UNDERTAKING

Product identifier Product Name Clorox Splash-Less Regular Bleach Other means of identification Synonyms None

Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use Recommended Use Bleach Uses advised against No information available

Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet Supplier Name The Clorox Company Supplier Address 1221 Broadway

Oakland CA 94612 US

Supplier Phone Number Phone: 1-510-271-7000 Emergency telephone number Company Emergency Phone Number

For Medical Emergencies call: (800) 446-1014 Transportation Emergencies, call Chemtrec: (800) 424-9300

Emergency Telephone Number 1-800-446-1014

2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification This chemical is considered hazardous by the 2012 OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200). Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A

GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements

Emergency Overview

Precautionary Statements – Prevention Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling

Signal word Warning

Hazard Statements Causes skin irritation Causes serious eye irritation

.

Appearance Clear, pale yellow Physical state Liquid

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Page 1 / 7

Odor Bleach

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Clorox Splash-Less Regular Bleach Revision Date 18-Oct-2016

Wear eye/face protection Precautionary Statements – Response

Eyes IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention Skin If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention

Precautionary Statements – Storage None Precautionary Statements – Disposal None

Hazards not otherwise classified (HNOC)

Not applicable Other information

Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Interactions with Other Chemicals Reacts with other household chemicals such as toilet bowl cleaners, rust removers, acids, and ammonia-containing products to produce hazardous gases, such as chlorine and other chlorinated compounds.

3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

. Synonyms None.

Chemical Name CAS-No Percent Trade Secret Sodium hypochlorite 7681-52-9 1-5 * Sodium hydroxide 1310-73-2 0.1 – 1 *

*The exact percentage (concentration) of composition has been withheld as a trade secret

4. FIRST AID MEASURES

First aid measures

General Advice Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance. Eye contact Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Keep

eye wide open while rinsing. Get medical attention if irritation develops and persists. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Do not rub affected area.

Skin contact Take off contaminated clothing. Rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. Get medical attention if irritation develops and persists.

Inhalation Remove to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, (trained personnel should) give oxygen. Call a physician or Poison Control Center immediately.

Ingestion Drink 1 or 2 glasses of water. Call a physician or Poison Control Center immediately. Do not induce vomiting without medical advice.

Self-protection of the first aider Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Use personal protective equipment as required. Wear personal protective clothing (see section 8).

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

Most Important Symptoms and Effects

Burning. Irritating.

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

Notes to Physician Treat symptomatically.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Page 2 / 7

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Clorox Splash-Less Regular Bleach Revision Date 18-Oct-2016

5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES

Suitable Extinguishing Media Use extinguishing measures that are appropriate to local circumstances and the surrounding environment. Unsuitable extinguishing media CAUTION: Use of water spray when fighting fire may be inefficient. Specific hazards arising from the chemical No information available. Explosion Data Sensitivity to Mechanical Impact None. Sensitivity to Static Discharge None. Protective equipment and precautions for firefighters As in any fire, wear self-contained breathing apparatus pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent) and full protective gear.

6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Personal precautions Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Use personal protective equipment as required. Other Information Refer to protective measures listed in Sections 7 and 8. Environmental precautions

Environmental precautions See Section 12 for additional Ecological Information. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

Methods for containment Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Methods for cleaning up Absorb and containerize. Wash residual down to sanitary sewer. Contact the sanitary

treatment facility in advance to assure ability to process washed-down material.

7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Precautions for safe handling

Handling Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Storage Keep containers tightly closed in a dry, cool and well-ventilated place. Incompatible products Toilet bowl cleaners, rust removers, acids, and ammonia-containing products.

8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Control parameters

Exposure Guidelines This product, as supplied, does not contain any hazardous materials with occupational exposure limits established by the region specific regulatory bodies

Chemical Name ACGIH TLV OSHA PEL NIOSH IDLH Sodium hypochlorite

7681-52-9 None None None

Sodium hydroxide 1310-73-2

Ceiling: 2 mg/m3 TWA: 2 mg/m3 IDLH: 10 mg/m3Ceiling: 2 mg/m3

Appropriate engineering controls

Engineering Measures Showers Eyewash stations Ventilation systems

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Page 3 / 7

Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Clorox Splash-Less Regular Bleach Revision Date 18-Oct-2016

Eye/face protection If splashes are likely to occur:. Wear safety glasses with side shields (or goggles). None required for consumer use.

Skin and body protection Rubber gloves. Neoprene gloves. Respiratory protection If exposure limits are exceeded or irritation is experienced, NIOSH/MSHA approved

respiratory protection should be worn. Positive-pressure supplied air respirators may be required for high airborne contaminant concentrations. Respiratory protection must be provided in accordance with current local regulations.

Hygiene Measures Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical state Liquid

Explosive properties No data available Oxidizing properties No data available

Other Information

Softening Point No data available Particle Size No data available Particle Size Distribution No data available

10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity Reacts with other household chemicals such as toilet bowl cleaners, rust removers, acids, and ammonia-containing products to produce hazardous gases, such as chlorine and other chlorinated compounds.

Chemical stability Stable under recommended storage conditions. Possibility of Hazardous Reactions None under normal processing. Conditions to avoid None known based on information supplied. Ammonia. Acids.

Appearance Clear, pale yellow Odor Bleach Color No information available Odor Threshold No information available

Property Values Remarks Method pH ~12.5 None known Melting / freezing point No data available None known Boiling point / boiling range No data available None known Flash Point Not flammable None known Evaporation Rate No data available None known Flammability (solid, gas) No data available None known Flammability Limit in Air

Upper flammability limit No data available Lower flammability limit No data available

Vapor pressure No data available None known Vapor density No data available None known Specific Gravity ~1.05 None known Water Solubility Soluble in water None known Solubility in other solvents No data available None known Partition coefficient: n-octanol/waterNo data available None known Autoignition temperature No data available None known Decomposition temperature No data available None known Kinematic viscosity No data available None known Dynamic viscosity No data available None known

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Page 4 / 7

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Clorox Splash-Less Regular Bleach Revision Date 18-Oct-2016

Incompatible materials Toilet bowl cleaners, rust removers, acids, and ammonia-containing products. Hazardous Decomposition Products None known based on information supplied.

11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on likely routes of exposure

Product Information . Inhalation May cause irritation of respiratory tract. Eye contact May cause temporary eye irritation. Skin contact Prolonged contact may cause redness and irritation. Ingestion Ingestion may cause irritation to mucous membranes. Ingestion may cause gastrointestinal

irritation, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

Component Information

Chemical Name Oral LD50 Dermal LD50 Inhalation LC50 Sodium hypochlorite 7681-52-9

= 8200 mg/kg ( Rat ) >10000 mg/kg (Rabbit) _

Sodium hydroxide 1310-73-2

_ 1350 mg/kg (Rabbit) _

Information on toxicological effects

Symptoms May cause redness and tearing of the eyes. Delayed and immediate effects as well as chronic effects from short and long-term exposure

Sensitization No information available. Mutagenic Effects No information available. Carcinogenicity The table below indicates whether each agency has listed any ingredient as a carcinogen. Chemical Name ACGIH IARC NTP OSHA Sodium hypochlorite 7681-52-9

– Group 3 – –

IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) Group 3 – Not Classifiable as to Carcinogenicity in Humans

Reproductive toxicity No information available. STOT – single exposure No information available. STOT – repeated exposure No information available.

Chronic Toxicity Carcinogenic potential is unknown. Target Organ Effects Respiratory system. Eyes. Skin. Gastrointestinal tract (GI).

Aspiration Hazard No information available.

Numerical measures of toxicity Product Information The following values are calculated based on chapter 3.1 of the GHS document

ATEmix (inhalation-dust/mist) 120.90 mg/L

12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Ecotoxicity Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Persistence and Degradability No information available.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Page 5 / 7

Bioaccumulation No information available

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Clorox Splash-Less Regular Bleach Revision Date 18-Oct-2016

Other adverse effects No information available.

13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods

Disposal methods Dispose of in accordance with federal, state and local regulations. Contaminated Packaging Do not reuse empty containers. Dispose of in accordance with federal, state and local

regulations.

California Hazardous Waste Codes 122 This product contains one or more substances that are listed with the State of California as a hazardous waste.

Chemical Name California Hazardous Waste Sodium hypochlorite

7681-52-9 Toxic Ignitable Reactive

14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION DOT NOT REGULATED

TDG NOT REGULATED

ICAO NOT REGULATED

IATA NOT REGULATED

IMDG NOT REGULATED

15. REGULATORY INFORMATION International Inventories TSCA All components are listed on the TSCA Inventory DSL All components are listed either on the DSL or NDSL.

TSCA – United States Toxic Substances Control Act Section 8(b) Inventory DSL/NDSL – Canadian Domestic Substances List/Non-Domestic Substances List

US Federal Regulations SARA 313 Section 313 of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA). This product does not contain any chemicals which are subject to the reporting requirements of the Act and Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 372

SARA 311/312 Hazard Categories Acute Health Hazard Yes Chronic Health Hazard No Fire Hazard No Sudden release of pressure hazard No Reactive Hazard No

CWA (Clean Water Act) This product contains the following substances which are regulated pollutants pursuant to the Clean Water Act (40 CFR 122.21 and 40 CFR 122.42)

Chemical Name CWA – Reportable Quantities

CWA – Toxic Pollutants CWA – Priority Pollutants CWA – Hazardous Substances

Sodium hypochlorite 100 lb X

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Page 6 / 7

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Clorox Splash-Less Regular Bleach Revision Date 18-Oct-2016

7681-52-9 Sodium hydroxide

1310-73-2 1000 lb X

CERCLA This material, as supplied, contains one or more substances regulated as a hazardous substance under the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) (40 CFR 302)

Chemical Name Hazardous Substances RQs Extremely Hazardous Substances RQs

RQ

Sodium hypochlorite 7681-52-9

100 lb – RQ 100 lb final RQRQ 45.4 kg final RQ

Sodium hydroxide 1310-73-2

1000 lb – RQ 1000 lb final RQRQ 454 kg final RQ

US State Regulations California Proposition 65 This product does not contain any Proposition 65 chemicals. U.S. State Right-to-Know Regulations

. Chemical Name New Jersey Massachusetts Pennsylvania Rhode Island Illinois

Sodium hypochlorite 7681-52-9

X X X X –

Sodium hydroxide 1310-73-2

X X X X

International Regulations

Canada WHMIS Hazard Class D2B – Toxic materials

16. OTHER INFORMATION

Prepared By Product Stewardship 23 British American Blvd. Latham, NY 12110 1-800-572-6501

Issuing Date 09-Jan-2012 Revision Date 18-Oct-2016 Revision Note No information available Reference 1059785/166245.001

Disclaimer The information provided in this Safety Data Sheet is correct to the best of our knowledge, information and belief at the date of its publication. The information given is designed only as a guidance for safe handling, use, processing, storage, transportation, disposal and release and is not to be considered a warranty or quality specification. The information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process, unless specified in the text

End of Safety Data Sheet

NFPA Health Hazards 2 Flammability 0 Instability 0 Physical and Chemical Hazards –

HMIS Health Hazards 2 Flammability 0 Physical Hazard 0 Personal Protection B

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Page 7 / 7


Comments are closed.