Soldiers: The War Within
Using Margarita Tartakovsky’s “Soldiers: The War Within” and Maggie Puniewska’s “Healing a Wounded Sense of Morality,” create your own argument that analyzes the psychology of the characters in Tim O’Brien’s The Things They Carried.
To create your own argument, consider how (or to what extent) the characters in the novel exhibit some or all of the psychological issues discussed in Tartakovsky’s and Puniewska’s articles.
Please follow my outline, do not use other sources, just compare and analyze my quotes.
First body paragraph
“Yet another felt great guilt after seeing the wallet of a dead enemy soldier. It had contained family photos just like the American soldier had carried.”(Margarita Tartakovsky)
“He found a pouch of rice, a comb, a fingernail clipper, a few soiled piasters, a snapshot of a young woman standing in front of a parked motorcycle. Kiowa placed these items in his rucksack along with the gray ammunition belt and rubber sandals.” (O’ Brien)
Second body paragraph
“Soldiers also feel a kind of survival guilt, or what Sherman refers to as “luck guilt.” They feel guilty if they survive, and their fellow soldiers don’t. The phenomenon of survivor guilt is not new, but the term relatively is.” (Margarita Tartakovsky)
“And then the letter gets very sad and serious. Rat pours his heart out. He says he loved the guy. He says the guy was his best friend in the world. They were like soul mates, he says, like twins or something, they had a whole lot in common. He tells the guy’s sister he’ll look her up when the war’s over.” (O’ Brien)
Third body paragraph
“Experts have begun to refer to this specific type of psychological trauma as moral injury. “These morally ambiguous situations continue to bother you, weeks, months, or years after they happened,” says Shira Maguen” (MAGGIE PUNIEWSKA)
“For the first few moments I felt lost, not sure about directions, groping for my helmet and weapon. I reached out and found three grenades and lined them up in front of me; the pins had already been straightened for quick throwing.” (O’ Brien)