I would like to give you some assistance with writing papers.
It is best to have a structure (introduction, body, conclusion).
Introduce the main points that will be covered. Let the reader know where the essay is going (but do not use “I will” or “The paper will”). Put the focus on the points rather than you or the reader.
For example, rather than saying:
I will discuss the 3 components of the criminal justice system. Put the focus on the actual point.
The three components of the criminal justice system will be discussed.
The following is an example of a good introduction. I like to begin with 1 – 2 general sentences about the topic just to get the ball rolling so to speak. Then I focus on the main points and use action words to provide direction: I use the main points as the subject of the sentences.
Blah blah blah. Blah blah blah. In the following paragraphs, _____ will be discussed. In addition, _____ will be examined from the context of _______. Lastly, ______ will be evaluated.
After introducing the main points that will be covered, cover the main points with details and examples where appropriate.
After the introduction and the body, provide a conclusion. A conclusion should summarize some of the main points that were covered.
Remember that the last point of the assignment is not the conclusion. The conclusion should focus on the overall, entire essay or paper.
But the conclusion is not just a restatement of the introduction. It only focuses on the most important main points that were covered. Add a few very important details from the body so that the conclusion is more substantive.
Use sectional headings as you move from topic to topic. Think about the main points and modify them into a short, informative heading. Then place this bold heading before the paragraph discussing this point or topic. Using headings will help with structure and flow.
General writing tips:
1. Write in past tense if the sources are from the past. You do not know if the authors still feel this way.
2. Do not use the words “we,” “us,” or “our.” You do not know who the reader is.
3. Do not use the words “I,” “me,” or “my.” Only use these words if you are asked to give your opinion. But even a good writer can provide their opinions without using these words. Do not use these words in an introduction or in a conclusion.
4. Double space everything.
5. Write in a clear and concise manner. Use short sentences. And put the focus on the action verbs.
6. If the information is not common knowledge, you need to cite it using in-text citations (refer to my previous message or announcement about help with APA).
7. In the narrative put the punctuation inside the quotation marks (see my examples in # 2 and #3 above). The dog was “lazy” and “slow.”
1. Proof read
2. Spell check
3. Remove excessive wording
I hope this helps.