Linguistics

Linguistics

Homework 3: Lexicon Name___________________________

Morphology Collaborators_____________________

Word Formation ________________________________

Part 1: Lexicon

In the following list, write either “yes” or “no” to indicate whether or not the items would be found in the lexicon. The word/phrase in italics is the item in question. (4 points)

HW3 – Linguistics 100 – Spring 2018

1. ____ the word: houses

2. ____ the plural ending: –s

3. ____ the idiomatic phrase: sit on the fence

4. ____ the word: running

Part 2: Morphology

Identify the following free morphemes as either lexical or functional. (4 points)

5. __________ the

6. __________ fast

7. __________ find

8. __________ in

For the words below, state how many morphemes each word contains, separate the morphemes, and identify all the parts: stem, derivational morpheme(s), and/or inflectional morpheme(s). (9 points)

Example: relisted 3 morphemes: 1. re- 2. list 3. -ed

(1. derivational) (2. stem) (3. inflectional)

Example: motivational 4 morphemes: 1. motive 2. –ate 3. –tion 4. –al

(1.stem) (2. derivational) (3. derivational) (4. derivational)

9. governments

10. unstoppable

11. sleepiest

Following is a list of words from Turkish. In Turkish, articles and morphemes indicating location are affixed to the noun. Look at the data and answer the following questions. (6 points)

deniz “an ocean”

denize “to an ocean”

denizin “of an ocean”

eve “to a house”

evden “from a house”

evimden “from my house”

denizimde “in my ocean”

elde “in a hand”

12. What is the Turkish morpheme meaning “to”? ________________

13. What type of affix is it (in terms of placement – prefix, infix, suffix, circumfix)? _______________________

14. What would the Turkish word for “from an ocean” be? ______________________

Part 3: Word Formation

Match the following words to the word formation process by which they were created. (7 points)

14. ladybug

15. kleenex

16. scuba

17. taco

18. brunch

19. televise

20. condo

a. clipping

b. borrowing

c. coinage

d. compounding

e. backformation

f. blending

g. acronym


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