Literature Review

Literature Review

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Literature Review (Childhood Obesity)

Childhood Obesity describes attainments of weight beyond the normal body mass index ration leading to the vulnerability in lines. In the study, the use of article will facilitate the process. As noted, the researcher of the material sought to evaluate the factors that contribute to obesity in children. Their study focused on dieting and physical exercise as the primary factors that contribute to obesity. The researchers commenced the process by identifying the research question, proceeded with instruments then selected the design before engaging the target population to validate the research hypothesis. The target group for the study comprised of children aged below 12 years. They included children from a different racial background. Both boys and girls featured in the study. The researcher hypothesized the cause of obesity with the motive of encouraging the adaptation of intervention programs. The study prioritized preventive measures with the intent of decreasing cases of obesity in children in less than six months.

The literature for study includes article 1, 2, 3 and 4. Article 5, 6, 7 and 8 also featured in the study. The research sought to evaluate the prevailing trends concerning the wellness of the children using a collection of questions. The first article by Bleich, Segal, Wu, and Wilson& Wang sought to evaluate the role of community-based prevention. The second article by Tester et al examined the characteristics of the condition in children aged between 2 and 5. The third article by Cunningham, Kramer, & Narayan quantified the prevalence of the condition. Arthur, Scharf, and DeBoer’s fourth sought to evaluate the role of food insecurity in the contraction of obesity. The fifth and sixth Fetter et al and Lydecke, Riley, & Grilo examined the role of physical activity and parenting subsequently. The exploration of the implication of the limitation of the dietary behavior of the micro levels of the condition and parents understanding on the condition featured in the seventh and eight articles composed by Marcum, et al, and Vollmer respectively.

The sample population for the study in the first article comprised of the young population in homes school and care setting. The second article engaged children aged between 2 and 5 years. The third article engaged 7738 participants comprising of learners in kindergarten. The group in the early childhood stage featured in the fourth article as the sample population for the study seeking to investigate cases of obesity. The sample differed from the group engaged in the fifth and sixth article. The category interviewed comprised of the parents of the youth and pre-adolescents, the seventh and eight articles engaged the mothers of the children and the fathers averaging 35 years of white origin.

The limitation of the first article is that the researcher generalized information concerning the prevalence of the condition in children; thus compromising the reliability of the data. In the first article, the systematic review focused on preventive measures and the implication of the strategies. As such, the approach limited the sample for use in analyzing prevalence in cases of obesity. The second approach exploited a qualitative approach that used a complicated mathematical formula that made it difficult projecting the variation in the sampled surveyed using simplistic techniques. The third article collected a large sample leading to complexity in the projection of the factors that contributed to the increase in the body mass index ration for the group sampled. The limitation of the fourth article that exploited a longitudinal study is that the statistics guiding the regression models utilized information on household and personal factors that prove difficult to quantify. The researcher relies on the credibility of the information based on participant’s response and not the ability to validate the response.

The limitation of the fifth and sixth article is that they sought to evaluate unquantifiable factors such as the rate of physical activity and the relationship between parenting and eating behavior. As noted, the focus on the factors that affect that affect the variable for the study create complexity in analyzing the deviance in cases of obesity. One might project an increase in weight gain but fail to express the stated variables in accordance with the quantifying parameters. The seventh and eight article engaged participants that indirectly affect the children. In cases where they engaged with the children, they overlooked cost constraints and other variable factors such as genetics. The utilization of collection of sources exploiting a different approach in the evaluation of the concern complicates the review. Generalization of the variance is difficult in such a context.

After the exploration of the article analyzing concerns relating to obesity in children, the reviewed literature indicated that a myriad of factors contributes to the condition in children. However, the lifestyle choices of the children and participation in physical activity because of upbringing play a critical role. According to the findings, the implication of the genetic factors depends on the parenting and the relation of the child with the rest in his or her environment. The choice to observe diet and embrace a lifestyle is critical in the alleviation of cases of obesity in children. The findings suggested that parents and the child have a role to play in the determination of wellness against obesity.

In future studies, the exploitation of technological resources is necessary for the quantification of the variable that helps determine the existence of the condition. Before conducting studies on obesity, researchers should first identify the target sample then formulate questions based on the determinants. It is equally necessary using latest information to ensure relevancy of the study.

References

Bleich, S. N., Segal, J., Wu, Y., Wilson, R., & Wang, Y. (2013). Systematic review of community-based childhood obesity prevention studies. Pediatrics, 132(1), e201-e210.

Cunningham, S. A., Kramer, M. R., & Narayan, K. V. (2014). Incidence of childhood obesity in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 370(5), 403-411.

Fetter, D. S., Scherr, R. E., Linnell, J. D., Dharmar, M., Schaefer, S. E., & Zidenberg-Cherr, S. (2018). Effect of the Shaping Healthy Choices Program, a Multicomponent, School-Based Nutrition Intervention, on Physical Activity Intensity. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 1-7.

Lee, A. M., Scharf, R. J., & DeBoer, M. D. (2018). Association between kindergarten and first-grade food insecurity and weight status in US children. Nutrition, 51, 1-5.

Lydecker, J. A., Riley, K. E., & Grilo, C. M. (2018). Associations of parents’ self, child, and other “fat talk” with child eating behaviors and weight. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 1-5.

Marcum, C. S., Goldring, M. R., McBride, C. M., & Persky, S. (2018). Modeling Dynamic Food Choice Processes to Understand Dietary Intervention Effects. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 52(3), 252-261.

Tester, J. M., Phan, T. L. T., Tucker, J. M., Leung, C. W., Gillette, M. L. D., Sweeney, B. R., … & Eneli, I. U. (2018). Characteristics of Children 2 to 5 Years of Age with Severe Obesity. Pediatrics, 141(3), e20173228.

Vollmer, R. L. (2018). An Exploration of How Fathers Attempt to Prevent Childhood Obesity in Their Families. Journal of nutrition education and behavior, 50(3), 283-288.


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