MENTAL DISABILITY

MENTAL DISABILITY

RUNNING HEAD: MENTAL DISABILITY

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MENTAL DISABILITY

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Mental Disability as a Social Demographic

In the Criminal Justice System

Mental Disability as a Social Demographic

In the Criminal Justice System

People with mental disability conditions can be involved in criminal activities as offenders or as victims of a crime. Research indicates that such individuals tend to be at a higher risk of being victims of crime when compared to the normal people (LaFave, 2017). Moreover, it is also evident that children with mental disability tend to be at a high risk of being abused when put into comparison with children without disabilities. However, it is also clear that individuals with mental disabilities also tend to constitute a merger percentage of offenders of such crimes.

There are a number of factors that influence people with mental disabilities to become victims of crime. For instance, it is evident that such individual’s constant interactions with people who may end up taking advantage of them. Moreover, their lack of knowledge and insufficient mechanisms to adapt to certain behaviors also puts them at a risk of becoming victims of crime. Most of the crimes committed against such people include felony crimes such as assault, murder and rape. It is also clear that such individuals are not in a position to report such crimes and this is mostly because such victims tend to be dependent on the offenders. Additionally, as offenders such individuals may take part in crimes such as sexual offences and murder (Dressler, 2015).

There are a number of problems that people with mental disability face as victims or suspects of crime. To start with, people with mental disabilities can be used for other criminal crimes in law breaking activities. In most of such cases people with mental disabilities are not able to understand their role. Moreover, during trial as offenders people with disability may fail to understand their rights and this may lead to an unfair trial. Additionally, as victims they may not be able to report offenses committed against them and thus justice may end up not being granted to them.

References

Dressler, J. (2015). Black Letter Outline on Criminal Law. West Academic.

LaFave, W. R. (2017). Modern Criminal Law: cases, comments and questions. West Academic Publishing.


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