(The NAB Company Portfolio will have lists of things that the BUS599 students would be able to sort  through to conduct a SWOT Analysis and to apply to appropriate sections of the NAB Business Plan. )

Note #1:

This is the compilation of Data, Notes, and Information that have been put together to create a Business Plan for a start-up company in the non-alcoholic beverage industry.

The goal of my business plan is twofold:

1. To help identify and outline all the issues I will need to address in starting this company. 2. To present to funders to help raise money to finance this company.

NAB Background: Melinda Cates has been selling her NAB at County Fairs for the past 7 years for $2 a bottle. She sells an average of 10 Cardboard cartons each weekend a County Fair is open. From her calculations, it takes $.56 to make a bottle of NAB when she calculates all the NAB ingredients and the cost of the bottle and cap. Her rich uncle, Bill, just died and left her a small monetary inheritance. However, since he so enjoyed her home-made NAB, he also left her equipment to start a small NAB business. Melinda and I have been close, trusted friends for years. She found out that I just earned my MBA from Strayer University, and she asked me to help her get her NAB business up and running. I have agreed to put together a NAB Business Plan, and I have agreed to be the CEO/President of the company for at least the next five years. NAB Today: Parameters for New Company Here are the parameters in which I must work.

 The business is a start-up: We are not yet in operation. We already have a “recipe” for a beverage, but we are not yet making sales at any significant level.

 Product: the only barrier is that it must be a non-alcoholic beverage (NAB). It is up to me to decide upon what type of non-alcoholic beverage I intend to make and market. It can be sold in individual sizes or wholesale.

 Market size. I will start marketing and selling the NAB in my geographical area within a 100 mile radius from my home address.

 Business size. I can grow the NAB business to any size in excess of one million dollars in revenue by year two. In other words, this cannot be intended to be a one- or two-person micro-business.

 I intend to raise money. I will be looking for funding, and I have already started with friends and family money. But at some point I will need funds from outside investors, either angels or venture capitalists, depending on how much I project I need to raise or receive from a group of individual investors on kickstarter.

 I intend to have employees and develop my own organizational hierarchy.


 I do not need to raise money for my personal financial support for the first six months. In other words, I do not need to take a salary/draw for myself for six months of projections. I am assuming I can live off my personal savings.

Note #2: included Some of   Owned Eq Two (2)

This Bev machine, system, i It is suita advanced Two Bot See Auto Four Veh Three Co Graphic Leased E Labeling Printers – Inventor Glass Bo Metal cap Cardboar NAB-ing


The NAB F .

the items we

quipment:  NAB Mixer

verage Filling , imported fr t can be app

able for norm d Filling mac

tling machin o AccuSnap

hicles (used

omputers (Ap

Software – $


g machinery – – $550/month

ry: ottles, 16 oz. ps: 24,000 – rd Cartons (h gredients: en


Financial Wo

e currently o

rs (mixes up

g machine is rom Italy. Be plied to fill h mal temperat chine at pres

nery (for filli Capper, belo

panel vans)

pple Macint

$750 (value i

– $450/mon h in current

: 24,000 – $3 $300 (value

holds 48 bot nough to mak


orksheets wi


p to 200 gallo

s combined w ecause it is e ot or cold fru ture filling o sent .

ing and capp ow.

– $10,000 e

tosh) – $1,20

in current $)

th in current $

3,000 (value e in current $ ttles): 500 – ke 24,000 bo


ill have the v

ons each) – $

with rinsing, equipped wit uit juice, tea r hot filling

ping bottles)

ach (value in

00 each (valu

t $

in current $ $) $500 (value

ottles – $600


value of this

$28,500 each

, filling and th constant t a and other b 16 oz. bottle

) – $9,600 ea

n current $)

ue in current


e in current $ (value in cu


equipment a

h (value in c

capping 3 in temperature beverage into es. It is one o

ach (value in

t $)

$) urrent $)


and inventor

current $)

n 1 monoblo controlling

o 16 oz bottl of the most

current $)




lip balm variety o Each mac belt optio The Auto automate SnapCap Dimensi Height: 9 Width: 2 Length: 3 Weight 800 lbs. ( Speed Up to 12 Cap Size Min: 10m Electrica 110 VAC Air Requ 120 PSI @ Current V


caps, over c f other cap a chine is desi ons are avail o AccuCapp ed delivery d

p007 ons

94” (238 cm) 4” (61 cm)* 32” (91.4 cm

(363 kg)

0 CPM** e: mm / Max: 6 al: C 20 Amp (2 uirements: @ 2 CFM Value: $9,60


aps, “top hat applications igned to acco lable to stabi er feature an

device the Ac




220 available

00.00 new


t” seals, twis are all withi ommodate a ilize differen n Accutek ce ccutek Snap



st cap with r in the capabi a wide variety nt types of co entrifugal bo Capper can


ratcheted rip ilities of Acc ty of contain ontainers.

owl or cap el n reach speed


NOTES on Auto AccuS Accutek Au are continuo machines th tedious wor pressing and caps. Accut prevent cos removing hu this process can also hel repetitious m and strains t force that ca manually pl Accutek Au systems are three differe Roller, and to offer solu variety of sn Milk jugs, d seal, bar top cutek Snap C

ner types. A v

levator orien ds up to 120


n EQUIPME Snap Capper uto AccuCap ous motion hat replace th rk of manual d/or placing tek Snap Cap tly spills by uman error f

s. This mach lp prevent motion injur to your work an result wh lacing snap c uto AccuCap e available in ent styles, B Plunger in o

utions to a nap cap type dropper inser p caps, and a Cappers. variety of gr

ntator. With a CPM.

ENT r. ppers

he lly snap


from hine

ries k

hen caps. ppers n elt,


es. rts, a




Note #3 Personnel: Myself: I have collected $20,000 from friends and relatives who would like to either have their seed money returned by the end of this calendar year at no interest or by the end of the second year of operation with 5% interest. Stephen Job: Part Time (20 hrs/week) Computer Expert/Assistant: $10/hr Melinda Cates: NAB Creator & Master Mixer (owns the patent on the NAB): has $40,000 inheritance Other colleagues with specific skills and talents: Ian Glass: retired PepsiCo plant production line foreman. Ian recently retired with 35 years of loyal PepsiCo service in every position from janitor to production line foreman, and he and his wife moved into your neighborhood. He is tickled that you have asked him to help develop a plan to get the NAB Company’s production line going. He said he can help organize and sit on the planning committee as a non-paid member until the NAB company can hire its own Production Line Foreman. He hinted that he retired from PepsiCo with an annual salary of $55,000, but he says that’s just the starting salary that large companies pay their foremen who are in an apprenticeship program. He doesn’t think the NAB Company will have to pay top dollar for someone who has the willingness to join the NAB company as a start up! Mary Cates, JD: Melinda’s sister who was a senior executive with the Federal Trade Commission from 2001-2012. She left the FTC after a significant 30 year career with the federal government in which she lead the research and support of numerous federal court findings against companies that violated consumer deception and unfair practices laws. She would enjoy serving on the initial company planning group to make sure her sister’s recipe is successfully shared within the state!

Note #4: Company

A. In 20 Green bever


B. Socia The carb volumes and incre ingredien

Soft drin reduce th largest U Pepper S American


Here are so y issues:

014, The Coc n Mountain, rages at hom


al pressures onated soft d in the past f

eased health nts present in

k makers are he calories in

US soda comp Snapple Grou ns consume


me interestin

ca-Cola Com Inc. (GMCR

me with the s


s forcing cha drinks (or C few years. M awareness a

n carbonated

e facing seve n soft drinks panies—The up, Inc. (DPS by 20% ove


ng articles I

mpany (KO) R). The deal oon-to-be-re


ange SD) category

Mainly, this is among consu d drinks.

ere pressure . In the Sept e Coca-Cola S)—pledged er the next de


pulled off th

announced a l will allow p eleased Keur


y of the soft s due to chal umers about

from civil s tember 2014 a Company ( d to reduce th ecade. To ac


he internet a

a long-term people to enj rig Cold mac


t drink indus llenging con the side-effe

society group Clinton Glo KO), PepsiC he number o chieve this ta


about other N

partnership njoy ice-cold chine.


stry has witn nditions in de fects of sugar

ps and gover obal Initiativ Co, Inc. (PEP of sugary drin arget, the thr



with Keurig d CocaCola

nessed declin eveloped ma r and other

rnments to ve, the three P), and the D nk calories t ree big playe



ning arkets

Dr that ers

plan to ex consume

The chan grow into

Ready-to The non- annual gr from eme Euromon

In the fir water rec categorie including product d

This new increasin industry.


xpand low-c rs about hea

nge in consum o the still bev

o-drink bev -alcoholic, re rowth rate of erging econo nitor Internat

st half of 20 corded strong es and are inv g Dr Pepper development

w focus on he ng health con


calorie produ althier alterna

mer preferen verages, or t

verages eady-to-drin f 5% betwee omies. Since tional estima

14, ready-to g growth. Co vesting heav Snapple and t in these cat

ealthier and n nsciousness w


uct portfolios atives.

nces has prov the non-carb

nk (or NART en 2014 and e 2010, NAR ates this cate

o-drink tea an oca-Cola and vily for furth d Monster Be tegories in a

nutritious pr will be a key


s, introduce

vided a new bonated categ

TD) market i 2017. A larg

RTD retail va egory will gr

nd coffee, sp d PepsiCo h

her portfolio everage Cor n attempt to

roducts base y growth driv


smaller port

w opportunity gory of the r

s projected t ge proportio alue has incr row by more

ports and ene have a strong

expansion. O rporation (M cater to cha

d on changin ver for the n


tion containe

y for CSD m ready-to-drin

to grow at a on of this gro reased by $1 e than $200 b

ergy drinks, g presence ac Other compa

MNST) are al anging consu

ng consumer non-alcoholic


ers, and educ

manufacturers nk market.

compounde owth will com 135 billion an billion by 20

and bottled cross these anies so investing

umer tastes.

r preference c beverage


s to

d me nd 020.

g in

es and

The Cons soft drink

C. Why By Sharo

Falling d

The non- falling, p carbonate demand h respectiv

Key indi

The per c 2013, fro and a slo

One of th is weak c US and E


sumer Staple k companies

growth is sl on Bailey • N


-alcoholic be primarily in d ed soft drink has declined



capita CSD c om 701 8-oun wer rate of U

he reasons fo consumer sp Europe.


es Select Sec s.

luggish in th Nov 20, 201

everage indu developed m k (or CSD) v d. Previously

capita cons

consumption nce servings US populatio

or the contin ending, caus


ctor SPDR E

he non-alcoh 4 12:09 pm

ustry is facin markets. Beve volumes in th y, US CSD v


n in the US f s in 2012. Re on growth.

nued decline sed by adver



holic bevera EST

ng challenges erage Digest he US, maki

volumes decl

fell to about educed cons

in soft drink rse macroeco


provides an a

age industry

s. Carbonate t indicates a ng it the nin lined by 1.2%

675 8-ounce umption refl

k volumes ov onomic cond


attractive av


ed beverage v 3% fall in 2

nth straight y % and 1% in

e servings pe flects the dec

ver the past ditions, espe


venue to inve

volumes are 2013 overall year in which n 2012 and 2

er person in clining volum

few years ecially in the

est in


h 2011,



Note #5

Health concerns

Another major reason is the shift in consumer preferences toward healthier products. Carbonated soft drink makers have faced severe criticism from health officials, governments, and communities alike for the ill-effects of high sugar content, artificial sweeteners, and other harmful ingredients in their products, including those in diet soda variants. Consumers are also more conscious of the health risks associated with soft drinks such as obesity and nutritional deficiencies, especially in youth. As a result, they’re opting for other beverages that are non- carbonated and have fewer calories.

The World Health Organization suggests that sugar should account for only 5% of total energy intake per day. That’s around 25 grams of sugar per day for an adult of normal body mass index. Health officials feel that this percentage should be even lower for a better quality of life. A single soda can contains around 40 grams of sugar.

The soda tax

Mexico, which has the highest rates of obesity in the world, has imposed a 10% tax on sugary beverages to discourage the consumption of these drinks. There is a strong possibility that many other countries will introduce a soda tax to reduce sugar consumption through carbonated drinks.

In the next part of this series, we’ll discuss how soft drink makers including The Coca-Cola Company (KO), PepsiCo, Inc. (PEP), Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc. (DPS), and Monster Beverage Corporation (MNST) are sustaining business under such challenging conditions. Coca- Cola and PepsiCo are part of the Consumer Staples Select Sector SPDR ETF (XLP).

D. Key indicators of the non-alcoholic beverage industry

By Sharon Bailey • Nov 20, 2014 12:09 pm EST

Factors influencing sector growth

The non-alcoholic beverage industry falls under the consumer staples category (XLP), which is non-cyclical in nature compared to the consumer discretionary sector. In this part of the series, we’ll look at the factors that impact the growth of the non-alcoholic beverage industry.

Consumption expenditure The Bureau of Economic Analysis (or BEA) releases the personal income and outlays monthly reports that indicate changes in individuals’ personal incomes, savings, and expenditures.

US consumption spending accounts for over two-thirds of the country’s gross domestic product (or GDP). The US real personal consumption expenditure for non-durable goods measures

consume basis.

Disposab Consump less perso Increase Conferen confiden as reflect

Accordin in emerg expected

A favora alcoholic ETFs) th (XLP) ha PepsiCo, (MNST).


r spending o

ble income a ption expend onal current in consumer

nce Board an ce index, wh ted in consum

ng to market ing markets

d to continue

ble trend in c beverage in at invest in t as holdings i , Inc. (PEP), .


on non-durab

and consum diture depend taxes. Peopl

r confidence nd the Unive hich indicate mer spendin

-intelligence has surpasse doing so.

consumer sp ndustry. It’s the consume in the major Dr. Pepper


ble goods, su

mer confiden ds on dispos le tend to sp

e also increas ersity of Mic es the degree ng and saving

e firm Eurom ed that in de

pending on n also good fo

er staple sect soft drink co Snapple Gro


uch as food a

nce sable income pend more w ses consump

chigan each p e of optimism g activities.

monitor Inter eveloped mar

non-durable or the perform tor. The Con ompanies lik oup, Inc. (DP


and beverag

e, which is m with a rise in t ption expend provide mon m about the

rnational, co rkets every y

goods is a p rmance of ex nsumer Stapl ke The Coca PS), and Mo


es, on an inf

measured as p their disposa

diture. In the nthly reports state of the e

onsumer-exp year since 20

positive indic xchange-trad les Select Se a-Cola Comp onster Bever



personal inc able income US, the on the cons economy

penditure gro 000, and is

cator for the ded funds (or ector SPDR E pany (KO), age Corpora


come .



non- r ETF


E. Under By Sharo Industry Soft drin producer

Bottling Compani finished p

Another, make the and other beverage

Also, bot fountain beverage

Distribu The exten produce o distribute Corporat Unilever

Pricing p Coca-Co Carbonat soft drink


rstanding th on Bailey • N

y Partners ks constitute

rs and bottler

and distrib ies in the sof products, ma

is by selling e final produ r ingredients

es to distribu

th bottling p retailers. Fo

es for immed

tion: Third nsive reach o or distribute e certain bran tion (MNST) and Starbuc

power la and Pepsi ted soft drink k companies


he value cha Nov 20, 201

e a major par rs play a vita

bution netwo ft drink indu ade at compa

g beverage c uct by combin s. The bottler utors or direc

artners and c ountain retail diate consum

-party prod of The Coca third-party nds of Dr Pe ). PepsiCo se cks, respectiv

iCo’s wide d ks have simi s extend low


ain of the so 4 12:08 pm

rt of the US al role in the

ork ustry reach th any-owned b

concentrates ning the con rs then pack

ctly to retaile

companies m lers include r


ducts a-Cola Comp brands. For

epper Snapp ells Lipton a vely.

distribution n ilar prices du er prices und


oft drink ind EST

food and be e value chain

he end marke bottling facil

and syrups t ncentrates wi kage the prod ers.

manufacture restaurants a

pany (KO) an instance, Co le Group, In

and Starbuck

network give ue to the inte der promotio



everage indu n of the soft d

et in two wa lities, to dist

to authorized ith still or ca duct in conta

fountain syr and convenie

and PepsiCo, oca-Cola is l nc. (DPS) an ks brands un

es them sign ense compet onal offers. I


ustry. Syrup o drink industr

ays. One way tributors and

d bottling pa arbonated wa ainers and se

rups and sell ence stores,

, Inc. (PEP) licensed to p d Monster B

nder partners

nificant pricin tition in the i In recent tim


or concentra ry.

y is by sellin d retailers.

artners, who ater, sweeten

ell these

l them to which produ

allows them produce and Beverage hips with

ng power. industry. Oft

mes, such



then ners,


m to


promotio because t substitute

The non- sector thr holdings

F. A guid By Sharo Industry The non- contain c coffee an bottled w sometime beverage


The glob of $337.8 size of $1


onal offers ha they’re unde es such as te

-alcoholic be rough the Co in Coca-Co

de to the non on Bailey • N

y overview

-alcoholic be carbonated o nd tea. The s water, ready- es referred to

e retail sales.

nt carbonat

bal soft drink 8 billion in 2 189.1 billion


ave been use er pressure d ea, energy dr

everage indu onsumer Sta la and Pepsi

n-alcoholic b Nov 20, 201

everage indu r non-carbon oft drink cat to-drink tea o as liquid re In this serie

tes category

k market is le 2013. In the n, and juice,


ed to boost v due to rising rinks, and wa

ustry is part o aples Select S iCo.

beverage ind 4 12:08 pm

ustry broadly nated water, tegory domin and coffee, efreshment b es, we’ll focu


ed by carbon same year, C with a mark


volumes of th health conce ater.

of the consum Sector SPDR

dustry EST

y includes so a sweetener nates the ind and sports a beverages (o us on the sof

nated soft dri CSDs were f ket size of $1


he carbonate erns and com

mer staples R ETF (XLP

oft drinks and r, and a flavo dustry and in and energy d or LRBs). In ft drink or L

inks (or CSD followed by 146.2 billion


ed soft drink mpetition fro

sector. You P), which has

d hot drinks or, and hot d ncludes carb drinks. Soft d the US, LR

LRB market.

Ds), which h bottled wate

n. In a later p


ks. That’s om healthy

can invest in s notable

. Soft drinks drinks includ onates, juice

drinks are RBs lead food

had a market er, with a ma part of this se

n this

s de e,

d and

t size arket eries,


we’ll discuss why CSDs have been losing popularity, and why sales of other beverages, including juices and ready-to-drink tea, are increasing.

Major companies

The non-alcoholic beverage market is a highly competitive industry that includes two behemoths —The Coca-Cola Company (KO) and PepsiCo, Inc. (PEP). Collectively, these companies hold about 70% of the US CSD market. Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc. (DPS), Monster Beverage Corporation (MNST), and Cott Corporation (COT) are some other key players in the CSD market.

Many international markets are also dominated by Coca-Cola and PepsiCo, but include other companies such as Groupe Danone, Nestle SA, and Suntory Holdings Limited.

Non-alcoholic beverage manufacturers, like Coca-Cola and PepsiCo, are part of the consumer staple sector. You can invest in these companies through the Consumer Staples Select Sector SPDR ETF (XLP).

G. Statistics and facts on non-alcoholic beverages and soft drinks

The non-alcoholic beverages industry encompasses liquid refreshment beverages (LRB) such as bottled water, carbonated soft drinks, energy drinks, fruit beverages, ready-to-drink coffee and tea, sports beverages and value-added water.

This is a great site to find statistics: H. NY Times Article, February 2015


+0.16% –0.37% +0.67% +20.48% 136.1B

The Beverages – Non-Alcoholic industry group consists of companies engaged in manufacturing non-alcoholic beverages, such as water, fruit drinks, soft drinks, iced coffee and tea, as well as other flavored beverages. The Beverages – Non-Alcoholic industry excludes tea bags and instant coffee manufacturing, fruit juices and concentrates, classified in Food Processing.

Beverages – Non-Alcoholic

Defined by Thomson Reuters Market


1-day %


1-month %



change Low High 52-


Page: 1 | 2 | Next »


Defined by Thomson Reuters Market


1-day %


1-month %



change Low High 52-


Coca-Cola Enterpri… CCE: NYSE 10.5B +0.54 +3.14 +1.11

Coca-Cola FEMSA, S… KOF: NYSE 6.0B +2.42 +1.91 +0.90

Dr Pepper Snapple … DPS: NYSE 15.2B +0.77 +0.39 +9.96

Embotelladora Andi… AKO.B: NYSE 2.5B –0.97 +3.04 +1.82

Fomento Economico … FMX: NYSE 31.0B +2.01 +2.06 +1.70

Monster Beverage C… MNST: NASDAQ

20.3B +0.11 +1.63 +11.92

PepsiCo, Inc. PEP: NYSE 146.8B +0.34 +0.54 +4.76

Sodastream Interna… SODA: NASDAQ

393.3M –0.37 –2.75 –6.91

The Coca-Cola Co KO: NYSE 183.8B –0.33 –3.09 –0.59

Coca-Cola Bottling… COKE: NASDAQ

947.9M +0.44 –1.70 +16.14

National Beverage … FIZZ: NASDAQ 1.0B –1.53 –2.77 –0.53

Youngevity Interna… YGYI: OTHER OTC

94.5M +3.15 +1.00 +1.00

Alkaline Water Com… WTER: OTHER OTC

14.4M +23.33 +78.31 +50.00

Cott Corporation (… COT: NYSE 748.2M +1.14 +0.88 +16.13


24.0K 0.00 –50.00 0.00

Hangover Joe’s Hol… HJOE: OTCBB 778.0K –21.67 +11.90 –12.96


Defined by Thomson Reuters Market


1-day %


1-month %



change Low High 52-


Jones Soda Co. ( U… JSDA: OTHER OTC

17.0M –0.36 +18.89 +18.86

Konared Corp KRED: OTHER OTC 8.0M +16.28 –6.54 –29.08

NOHO Inc DRNK: OTCBB 275.0K +13.60 –38.26 –71.60

Pulse Beverage Cor… PLSB: OTHER OTC

8.4M –7.99 –13.46 –46.63

Beverages – Non-Alcoholic

Defined by Thomson Reuters Market cap. 1-day

% change 1-month

% change YTD

% change Low High 52-week

Puresafe Water Sys… PSWS: OTHER OTC 383.3K 0.00 0.00 0.00

Reed’s, Inc. REED: AMEX 71.1M 0.00 +0.37 –7.95

Uplift Nutrition I… UPNT: OTCBB 555.7K 0.00 –50.00 +28.62

Crystal Rock Holdi… CRVP: AMEX 15.8M 0.00 +1.37 –2.95

Global Future City… FTCY: OTHER OTC 19.1M 0.00 +131.82 +100.00

MOJO Organics Inc MOJO: OTHER OTC 3.4M 0.00 –4.81 0.00

New Leaf Brands In… NLEF: OTHER OTC 505.6K 0.00 –16.67 +36.36

Note #5:

I. Histor

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“We work on educating the end producer,” says Karen Todd, director of global brand marketing at New York City-based Kyowa Hakko U.S.A. Inc. The company’s Cognizin product features citicoline, which increases cellular synthesis and energy, she says. Ingredients such as Cognizin are associated with boosting brain energy, supporting mitochondrial health, and boosting levels of ATP, according to the company’s research. This ingredient also is associated with increased focus and concentration as well as memory storage and recall.

“We do clinical studies on raw materials [with healthy subjects], and results of that help us identify what levels are appropriate to make claims,” Todd says. “The producer and finished product company do their pre-market test, but they’re looking at the science behind it to support their claims from the start.”

Kyowa Hakko is replicating clinical trials done with millennials, pre-menopausal women and baby boomers with more targeted groups including adolescents and athletes.

Futureceuticals, Momence, Ill., also sees the value of clinical trials and is in the midst of several that involve its ingredients including CoffeeBerry coffee fruit, a line of powders and concentrates of the fruit of the coffee plant, including the bean.

“We consider demographics when we’re choosing outcomes to focus on for our claims,” says Brad Evers, vice president of business development. “In the case of CoffeeBerry coffee fruit extract, we discovered that it has a unique capacity to increase serum levels of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF), which is a key neuro-protein involved in cognition, mood and other key neuro-processes. We chose to focus on cognition and mood, given the enormous public interest in cognitive and mental health at all age levels. Baby boomers frequently cite cognitive health as their No. 1 concern, and younger people are motivated to take action now to help ensure a higher quality of life as they age.”

Major research facilities around the globe are focusing on BDNF, and Futureceuticals has two studies that indicate that coffee fruit stimulates the body to produce BDNF, which is something brewed coffee does not do, according to the company.

“Our research on our coffee fruit products is at the forefront of new discoveries for cognitive health,” Evers says. “CoffeeBerry meets the demand for functional beverage ingredients that are natural and offer a value proposition.”


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Regulations as well as the flavor of the ingredients in their natural state can have an impact on beverages designed to improve memory and focus or reduce the impact of aging on the brain.

“The biggest trend with cognitive ingredients is really attention given to caffeine and energy drinks by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and [the decision to] crack down on amounts,” Kyowa Hakko’s Todd says. “Cognizin is a non-stimulant without negative side effects. Energy drinks use Cognizin [as a replacement for caffeine], and many companies are looking to reformulate and include it at the efficacious dose.”

But special treatment is required for cognitive ingredients to be beverage compatible, shelf stable, soluble and taste free. “Antioxidant beverages, focus beverages, and general brain-health and protein beverage ingredients are bitter, and [beverage-makers] have to figure out a way to mask [them],” Nutegrity’s Phillips says. “Another big challenge is solubility, and we’re finding ways through agglomeration or other techniques to make them suspend in a liquid.”

Oceans Omega is able to counteract the instability and protect them from oxidizing with new technologies, but aftertaste still is a challenge.

“Polyunsaturated fatty acids have the propensity to oxidize quickly and develop very repugnant odor and taste offnotes,” Berl says. “Many [omega-3] products still have a fishy or marine aftertaste, and their manufacturing requires an increased complexity in processing and handling these sensitive ingredients in the production processes.”

Certain nutrients also just don’t mix well, according to Russ Hazen, North American premix innovation manager for Fortitech Inc., Schenectady, N.Y.

“Certain iron compounds can have unfavorable effects on product quality and consumer acceptance by increasing the oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids,” Hazen says. “On the other hand, inclusion of suitable amounts of antioxidants, like vitamin E, is important to protect polyunsaturated fatty acids from oxidation. In liquid beverages, adverse interactions between calcium and phosphorus can be tricky and can result in unsightly mineral precipitation products under certain conditions”

When bitterness is a factor, masking agents can address this issue as well, according to Kyowa Hakko’s Todd. Futureceuticals, however, will provide its bitter CoffeeBerry products and extracts as-is because the more natural state is preferred by its customers, Evers says.

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With all of the flavors that are out there, beverage-makers are not at a loss for options from which to choose. According to Beverage Industry’s survey, each respondent reported using on average 11.5 flavors in 2014.

When selecting which flavors they wanted to utilize, survey-takers opted for more traditional options in 2014, with orange, vanilla, lemon, strawberry and peach rounding out the Top 5. This is slightly different from last year’s survey in which the top flavors were vanilla, lemon, strawberry, mango and peach. Orange’s usage jumped up eight percentage points this year to 49 percent, compared with last year’s 41 percent. Tied with orange at 49 percent, vanilla’s usage remains fairly consistent with last year’s survey, seeing an increase of one percentage point.

Other flavors that also saw modest growth were lemon (up one percentage point), strawberry (up two percentage points), peach (up one percentage point) and chocolate (up four percentage points). Flavors from last year’s Top 10 that saw contractions in 2014 were mango (down three percentage points), raspberry (down eight percentage points), apple (down four percentage points) and fruit punch (down 17 percentage points).

Making up for some of these drop offs were lime (up seven percentage points), berry (up eight percentage points) and coffee (up six percentage points).

Although orange was the most-used flavor in 2014, it did not come in as the top-selling flavor for the year. Taking the top spot was chocolate at 29 percent. Although chocolate moved up only one spot from No. 2 to No. 1 compared with last year’s survey, its percentage point increase was 15. Taking a hit, however, was strawberry. Last year’s No. 1 top-selling flavor dropped out of the Top 10 as the percentage of respondents listing it as a top-selling flavor dropped from 25 percent to 7 percent.

However, not all flavors saw such a strong drop off in 2014. Vanilla moved up one spot to the No. 2 top-selling flavor after seeing its percent usage increase from 14 percent to 24 percent. Mango also had a positive year, jumping from No. 10 to No. 3. The tropical flavor saw its reported sales status increase from 10 percent to 22 percent.

This year’s survey also saw a handful of new flavors make the Top 10 list. Raspberry, coffee, black tea, orange and peach all made the top-selling flavors in 2014 list, knocking out apple, berry, fruit punch, lime and, as previously mentioned, strawberry.

As beverage-makers prepare for 2015, the top sellers for 2014 are expected to carry over into the next calendar year. Chocolate is listed as the No. 1 anticipated top-selling flavor for 2015, with 29 percent of respondents naming the indulgent variety. This is a strong increase from last year’s survey results in which only 17 percent of respondents listed it as a top-selling flavor. Also making significant gains is coffee, which entered the Top 10 in the No. 2 spot after being left off last year’s list. Making a more modest increase, vanilla’s anticipated selling performance increased one percentage point from 19 to 20 percent to round out the Top 3.


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For instance, the mean and median of the number of employees for this year’s survey are 201 and 63 employees, respectively. However, last year’s survey-takers reported a mean 1,278 employees and a median of 180 employees.

This team size also affected the number of employees who are working on developing new products. Last year, the survey found a mean of 60 employees and a median of eight employees working on new product development. This year, the teams are much smaller, with the mean and median at 10 and four employees, respectively.

Although the company sizes and new product development teams of respondents are from a smaller base than last year, their outsourcing portions did not differ too much. Twenty-nine percent stated they outsource a portion of their new product development versus the 35 percent that said the same last year. However, the main difference was the areas of new product development that they outsourced.

Sixty-two percent of respondents reported outsourcing prototype development, followed by 46 percent for concept and product testing, and 38 percent for market research. Last year, market research and prototype development tied for first with 46 percent naming those as areas of outsourcing. Concept and product testing rounded out last year’s Top 3, with 42 percent naming this as an area of new product development.

Holding steady with last year’s numbers, though, was the amount of respondents stating that a team approach is utilized in new product development. Ninety-three percent (the same number as last year) indicated using a team environment. Among those who use a team approach, 81 percent said sales and marketing are involved, while 79 percent listed R&D. This is slight flip from last year’s survey in which 80 percent of respondents named R&D, and 77 percent reported sales and marketing.

Upper management also remains a constant for survey-takers, with 62 percent listing their involvement compared with last year’s 61 percent.

Slightly higher than last year’s survey results, nearly nine out of 10 respondents whose upper management is regularly included on new product development projects have involvement from their chief executive officers. This is up from last year’s more than three-quarters of respondents. This variation could be reflective of the significant difference in the company size mean and medians between the two years.

Fifty-eight percent of survey-takers also indicated supplier involvement in new product development, compared with last year’s 61 percent.

The length of time to develop a new product also saw an uptick in this year’s survey, with mean time from inception to launch equating to 11 months. This is up from last year’s nine months; however, one-third of this year’s respondents noted that this is faster for them than in previous years.


Perhaps reflective of the company size decrease from last year’s survey-takers, the mean number of products developed in 2014 was 24, compared with 40 in 2013. Following suit, the mean number of those released decreased from 17 in 2013 to nine in 2014. The number of successful new product launches also experienced contraction, with the mean equating to five in 2014 versus 11 in 2013.

What the future holds

Looking ahead to 2015, respondents remained optimistic about their new product releases, with more than half indicating that they plan to launch more new products in the market in 2015 versus 2014.

Planning and assessments also will be staples with survey-takers, as 60 percent said they have a defin-itive new product development plan. Post-launch assessment was even higher, with 76 percent having that in place. This is an increase from last year’s results in which 62 percent indicated they had a definitive new product development plan, and 65 percent reported having a post-launch assessment.

Total cost to new product development also experienced some fluctuations between the two surveys. This year’s had a mean and median of $209,080 and $37,500, respectively. Last year’s respondents had a mean of $348,717 and a median of $20,000.

However, when it came to R&D budget comparisons, the numbers were fairly similar, with 44 percent listing an increase in their budget versus 41 percent last year.

Beverage Industry’s New Product Development Outlook survey was conducted by BNP Media’s Market Research Division. The online survey was conducted between Sept. 29 and Oct. 13, 2014, and included a systematic random sample of the domestic circulation of Beverage Industry and its sister publications Dairy Foods and Prepared Foods.

Of the respondents, 44 percent process juice and juice drinks, 40 percent process coffee and tea, 33 percent process dairy-based drinks, 29 percent process sports drinks, 24 percent process water, 22 percent process energy drinks, 18 percent process spirits, 13 percent process carbonated soft drinks, 13 percent process wine, and 9 percent process beer.

Thirty-one percent of respondents were from companies with less than $10 million in annual revenue. Another 31 percent of respondents were from companies with revenue between $10 million and $50 million. A total of 9 percent were from companies in the mid-size range of $50 million to less than $100 million. Thirteen percent were from companies with revenue between $100 million to less than $500 million. In the $500 million to less than $1 billion range were 9 percent of respondents. Representing the large-size range of more than $1 billion in company revenue were 9 percent of respondents.


Males accounted for 67 percent of the respondents, and the average age equated to 43. For industry experience, 20 percent indicated one to three years; 18 percent reported four to 10 years; 33 percent said 11-20 years; 20 percent listed 21-30 years; and 9 percent had 31-40 years of experience.

Regionally, 33 percent said they currently live in the South, 27 percent indicated the Northeast, 24 percent listed the Midwest, and 16 percent reported living in the Western portion of the United States.

K. Nielsen identifies consumer health concerns

ABA, brand owners proactive in offering solutions By Jessica Jacobsen

February 16, 2015

Aside from the Valentine’s Day candy and treats on the store shelves, the first quarter of a new year tends to be filled with diet- and exercise-related products to appeal to those consumers who resolved to lose weight or eat healthier in the new year.

For myself, my resolution to lose weight will likely come around mid- to late summer when I get the OK from the doctor to lose my baby weight. However, many other consumers have expressed the need to address their health and weight issues, which could become an opportunity for food and beverage manufacturers.

According to Nielsen’s Global Health & Wellness Survey, nearly half (49 percent) of the global respondents consider themselves overweight. Citing the 2013 Global Burden of Disease Study, the New York-based market research firm says that an estimated 2.1 billion people, or nearly 30 percent of the global population, are overweight or obese. However, Nielsen’s study shows that consumers are willing to take charge of their health and are willing to pay a premium to do so.

Because of the vast number of consumers who are concerned about obesity and other health- related issues, Nielsen suggests that brand owners should better align their offerings with these consumer need states in order to see growth benefits.

“There is a tremendous opportunity for food manufacturers and retailers to lead a healthy movement by providing the products and services that consumers want and need,” said Susan Dunn, executive vice president of global professional services with Nielsen, in a statement. “While diet fads come and go over time, innovative, back-to-basics foods that taste good, are easy to prepare, and provide healthful benefits will have staying power. The first step is knowing where to put your product development efforts.”

In the beverage space, we already are seeing brands and associations addressing this trend. This month’s Special Report article on health and wellness (page 18) details how leading advocacy groups including the American Beverage Association and brand owners such as The Coca-Cola Co., PepsiCo Inc. and Dr Pepper Snapple Group (DPS) have pledged to reduce the number of


calories that each American consumes on a national level by 20 percent by 2025.

Beyond this pledge from non-alcohol industry leaders, the beverage marketplace is seeing more low-calorie brands find a home with consumers as their products expand distribution. In this month’s cover story on Bai Brands LLC (page 24), Chief Executive Officer Ben Weiss details how the company’s national distribution agreement with DPS has allowed the enhanced-water brand to share its Bai5 and newest innovation, Bai Bubbles, with a broader audience that was looking for a healthy beverage solution.

As some consumers search for solutions to their health and wellness needs, it’s great to see so many in the beverage space being proactive in delivering products that address them.

L. Other ways to bottle our beverage. (NVE perhaps?)

M. Zico to send fan to Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games

Winner will meet gold medal skier Julia Mancuso November 5, 2013

El Segundo, Calif.-based Zico Beverages LLC’s same-named coconut water brand announced a sweepstakes through which fans can enter to win a trip for them and a friend to attend the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games and meet 2006 Olympic champion Julia Mancuso.

The winner will receive round-trip tickets to Russia, a four-night stay in a hotel overlooking the Black Sea, and tickets to some of the most popular Olympic events including snowboarding, speedskating and alpine skiing. The sweepstakes runs through Nov. 21, and fans can enter at

Mancuso, who will compete in alpine skiing at the Winter Olympics, will represent Zico as a brand ambassador.

“Zico has already been an amazing partner hydrating me on and off the slopes,” Mancuso said in a statement. “Now, they’re giving two winners a chance to come to Sochi. How cool is that?”

Chief Executive Officer and Founder of Zico Beverages LLC Mark Rampolla added in a statement: “Zico has always supported athletes at every level by providing them with the naturally replenishing powers of coconut water. We’re honored to be part of the world’s most prestigious sporting event and to be hydrating the top athletes in the world.”

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Bai has been disrupting the marketplace since August 2009 when it launched its Bai and Bai5 beverage lines. Since then, the company has seen its enhanced-water brand post strong year- over-year sales numbers, expanded its product lineups, and taken its distribution to a national level.

Delivering solutions

Emphasizing the widespread concerns related to obesity, diabetes and artificial ingredients, Weiss notes that the ideation behind Bai was to offer a healthy solution to these problems.

“For us, health and wellness is about delivering a truly flavorful experience but doing it in a very responsible way with ingredients that are pure and not artificial, delivering antioxidants as a functionality, and doing without the use of calories and sugar,” he says. “I think we’re doing our part to address an epidemic. The industry overall is looking for that solution.”

With 5 calories in each serving, Bai5 features a sweetener blend of what Weiss calls “smart sweeteners,” namely organic stevia and erythritol, but also offers fresh fruit flavor that is infused with antioxidant-rich coffee fruit.

Coffee fruit, the fruit that grows on the coffee plant and contains the coffee bean, is an attribute that helps Bai5 deliver on its health and wellness promises. The all-natural ingredient had not been widely used in beverages until recently, and the coffee fruit that Bai uses is rich in antioxidants, Weiss notes.

Until recently, this fruit commonly was discarded during the coffee-farming process, he adds. Understanding the antioxidant power within the fruit, Bai saw an opportunity to harness this into an edible commodity.

“Personal health benefits are only part of the mission,” Weiss says. “Eliminating waste wherever possible is the duty of every person on this planet; as is helping your neighbors achieve a better life. When traditional — wasteful — coffee-harvesting methods are used, the discarded fruit ends up in waterways by the coffee plantation. Massive amounts of rotting coffee fruit pollute surrounding streams with a buildup of ochratoxins, aflatoxins and caffeine. By turning this composted material into a consumable product, Bai is keeping the waterways clean and the ecosystem in balance, generating a new revenue stream for local farmers, and blazing the trail for a healthier environment.”

In finding what Weiss calls its “holy grail” with Bai5, the company also made a strategic decision in 2012 when it discontinued production of its mid-calorie product, Bai. Although the mid-calorie product contained some of the company’s strongest-performing flavors, Weiss decided to discontinue the line in order to avoid consumer confusion. “It was really an intent to not confuse our consumer, and it was a belief that what we had at that time [in Bai5] was becoming a bigger part of our portfolio,” he says.


Even though it was a difficult decision to discontinue the mid-calorie offering, the company has not looked back and has posted approximately 300 percent growth each year dating back to 2011, Weiss says.

The Bai5 lineup now features 10 SKUs: Brasilia Blueberry, Malawi Mango, Ipanema Pomegranate, Molokai Coconut, Costa Rica Clementine, Tanzania Lemonade Tea, Sumatra Dragonfruit, Congo Pear, Panama Peach and Limu Lemon. Molokai Coconut and Brasilia Blueberry are the brand’s Top 2 performers, followed by Tanzania Lemonade Tea, which has a more limited distribution model than the other SKUs, Weiss notes. However, the top performers are not runaway leaders, as the difference between the 10 SKUs is in the single digits.

“When you have a portfolio of 10 drinks that has single-digit variance, that says something,” Weiss adds. “Our shopper shops across the lineup.”

Although Weiss believes Bai5 offers the perfect balance between low calories, full flavor and all-natural ingredients in the still beverage market, the company took those same principles and applied them to the sparkling beverage segment.

In late 2014, the company put an effervescent spin on its Bai5 beverages with its new Bai Bubbles line. Originally available in the New York City metropolitan area, Bai Bubbles blends antioxidants from coffee fruit with exotic fruit flavors and natural sweeteners and contains 5 calories and 1 gram of sugar in each 11.5-ounce can. With nationwide distribution planned for early 2015, the new lineup is set to consist of seven flavors — Bolivia Black Cherry, Peru Pineapple, Gimbi Pink Grapefruit, Waikiki Coconut, Jamaica Blood Orange, Indonesia Nashi Pear and Guatemala Guava — each of which pays homage to popular coffee-growing regions.

Weiss notes that the inspiration for launching Bai Bubbles stemmed from his time exploring the market and looking at what consumer need states needed addressing. “I spend a lot of time in the market, and I tend to think like a consumer,” he says. “I just saw a marketplace that was moving away from artificial ingredients, and I knew that we were addressing that market with Bai5, but I didn’t see that solution out there in carbonated.”

Adding that the company is filled with innovators and disruptors to the marketplace, Weiss explains that the idea-to-shelf process for Bai Bubbles took only three months. “When we focus on what we want to do, and it’s the right time to do it, we can get it done pretty quickly,” he says.

Although it still is too early to call out any variety leaders for the sparkling line, Weiss says because of its planned national launch through its distribution network and an agreement with national retailers including Target Corp., Minneapolis, the company is anticipating Bai Bubbles to be a $25 million business in its first year.

With 17 total SKUs between its two lines, Weiss adds that the company still is no stranger to flavor innovations. Although he can’t share any specifics, Weiss notes that the company always is developing new flavors and new innovations.


National news

The announcement of Bai Bubbles wasn’t the only big news Bai was able to share in 2014. The company also signed a distribution agreement with Plano, Texas-based Dr Pepper Snapple Group (DPS). The companies had previously worked together in the two years prior to the agreement, but the new agreement allowed Bai Brands to further capitalize on DPS’ direct-to- store and warehouse delivery capabilities on a national level. New retailers that were added following the agreement included Kroger, Target, Sam’s Club, Walmart, Publix, Stop & Shop, Duane Reade and Safeway, plus more than 100 additional Costco stores throughout the country.

“We have tested the Bai brand in select markets with great success over the last several quarters,” said Jeff Conrad, vice president of market development for DPS, in a statement at the time of its announcement. “There is no question that Bai fits exceedingly well with our portfolio of leading brands, and we expect this new choice to be very well received by consumers from coast to coast.”

Weiss notes that the deal signed with DPS was finalized in late January/early February of 2014, which resulted in Bai Brands missing out on the 2014 planning meetings. However, that aspect didn’t hamper the expanded relationship with the companies.

“We still had this amazing year of growth; still very disciplined,” Weiss says. “It was highlighted by our emerging relationship at the time with Target, which was the first national retailer to really go aggressive with the brand. They’re coming off a great year with Bai, and we started 2015 in a very aggressive way with them as well. But this is where we’re taking all of our learnings, we’re in true scale-up mode, and we’re going to build out our [all-commodity volume] (ACV) across all channels. It’s an exciting year for Bai.”

He adds that to be able to have full national distribution is every beverage company’s goal, and to have that by year five is a feat he is very proud of. “Not many brands can say that,” Weiss says. “I’m very proud of the pace at which we did that now that it’s up and running. DPS will cover close to 70 percent of the country, so there are still distributors that we have engaged to provide full national distribution.

“When you are looking to activate chains, you’re going to need to prove to that chain that you have the ability to get to every one of their stores,” he continues. “If you can’t do that, you’re not going to get much support from that chain. To be able to check that box and say, ‘Yes, we have a route to market [and] we can deliver to every one of your locations, whether you’re Sam’s Club, Costco, Target [or] whomever,’ is critical.”

Because DPS does not cover all regions across the United States, Bai also has agreements with many other distribution networks including Hensley Beverage Co. for Arizona, John Lenore & Co. for the San Diego market, Polar Beverages for the New England area, The Honickman Group in the mid-Atlantic, and Admiral Beverage Corp. for the mountain regions.

Through this expanded distribution network, Bai has learned that the key to reaching this success is all about winning at retail.


“It’s all about developing a relationship with a consumer that’s stronger than any other relationship,” Weiss says. “If you and your consumer are aligned, then everybody else will fall into place, whether it is the retailer and ultimately the distributor.”

Weiss adds that in the competitive beverage market, Bai is able to stand out because of the promises it delivers on health and wellness. “The beverage category is extremely competitive with new brands emerging almost routinely,” he says. “However no one has delivered on consumers’ needs like Bai. In a world increasingly seeking healthier options, Bai provides consumers a variety of beverage options that not only have great flavor but [make] people feel good about drinking. Bai’s ability to uniquely satisfy customer’s desires is reaffirmed in its strong sales growth across all retail channels. Bai’s performance paints a compelling story that has enabled solid increases in distribution.”

Additionally, if a brand is able to be data driven and show through sales reports how it’s performing in the market, the distribution will follow, Weiss explains. Those on-paper numbers were crucial to Bai Brands achieving its distribution success.

“When you look at the numbers, you’d have to be foolish to not stand strong behind the brand, and that’s what’s happening,” he says. “The retailers see Bai’s strong momentum and say, ‘Wow I get it. You’re my salvation to enhanced water, and I’m going to now give you this,’ and then you take that to a distributor and say, ‘We’ve got to deliver,’ [and] it becomes a lot easier.”

The support tool

With so much in place for 2015, the company is expecting more great things to come this year, Weiss says. “You’re going to see the product become ubiquitous in all channels. I truly believe that this is the next iconic beverage in the making, and everyone else is going to get to hopefully share in that opinion this year.”

Beyond the expanded lineup, the increased distribution network and the industry accolades, Bai aspires to have a voice: a voice that addresses the dilemma.

“I founded Bai because I believed that building a great beverage experience would improve people’s lives,” Weiss says. “Over the past five years, I have marveled at the serendipitous timing of this idea and the way our customers have accepted what Bai stands for and responded to the way we go about bringing it into their lives. As a team, we have pushed hard to increase our sales velocity and improve our retail execution while focusing on the ‘big bets’ that will make a difference within the lives of our consumers.”

When it comes to innovation and Bai’s future, Weiss remains optimistic about what is to come. “Bai Bubbles is an example of how our continued innovation can play a very relevant role in providing a breadth of health and wellness with great flavor and unmatched purity to a beverage experience,” he says. “There is no doubt that a cultural shift is happening within the beverage industry. This shift is unprecedented in magnitude and will change the course of beverage for generations to come.


“Bai is at the precipice of this change and, in many ways, is defining the ‘smart-age’ of beverage,” Weiss continues. “What will we make of this moment? How will we engage with an emerging beverage culture, defined not by age or income but by the people determined to change the practices of the businesses that bring beverages into their lives? The answer is simple: We will disrupt. Today the opportunities are greater than ever, and Bai is innovating in an attempt to capture the potential of this moment. By doing so, we are reshaping our company, reshaping our industry, and along the way, finding our voice.” natural-solutions

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