Test

Test

QUESTION 1

1. Career counseling for people with mental health issues is:

A. Substantially different than it is for those who are mentally healthy.
B. Not possible if a person has a severe and chronic disorder.
C. Less effective in a group setting.
D. A goal when workplace functioning is a legitimate area of treatment.

0.25 points   

QUESTION 2

1. The ADA permits employers to inquire about a job applicant’s disability prior to making a conditional job offer.

True

False

0.25 points   

QUESTION 3

1. The Career Beliefs Inventory created in concert with Krumboltz’s Learning Theory of Career Counseling assesses client beliefs about all of these areas EXCEPT:

A. My current career situation
B. Factors that influence my decisions
C. Jobs that are right for me
D. Changes I am willing to make

0.25 points   

QUESTION 4

1. The ecological model of vocational behavior defines the person’s self-concept, personal beliefs, and  level of self-efficacy as:

A. Mediating constructs
B. Developmental processes
C. Contextual constructs
D. Socialization processes

0.25 points   

QUESTION 5

1. Legal matters:

A. “Do not harm”
B. “Do good”
C. Pertain to a counselor’s motives, goals, and behavior
D. Are same as ethics

0.25 points   

QUESTION 6

1. A movie theater that is not accessible to people who use wheelchairs is in violation of Title III of the ADA.

True

False

0.25 points   

QUESTION 7

1. What is NOT part of the three-pronged trait-and-factor approach?

A. Individual knowledge, including interests, abilities, and skills
B. Knowledge of the job
C. Exploring factors of the job environment
D. Logical matching of the individual’s traits to the job that best “fits” him or her

0.25 points   

QUESTION 8

1. Ten years after WWII in 1955, approximately how much of the U.S. labor force was unionized?

A. 75%
B. 60%
C. 33%
D. 9%

0.25 points   

QUESTION 9

1. In selecting a career information delivery system, the first step for the counselor is to:

A. Assess the number of occupations included in the data base
B. Identify client needs
C. Determine the availability of Holland codes in the system
D. Separate for-profit from not-for-profit systems

0.25 points   

QUESTION 10

1. Questions to measure employer and emoloyee mutual effectiveness

A. Sunny Hansen
B. Goleman
C. Gelatt’s “positive uncertainity”
D. Gallup Q12

0.25 points   

QUESTION 11

1. Psychodynamic Approaches

A. Pyramid of Information Processing Domains and the CASVE cycle
B. Based on Bronfenbrenner’s 1979 model
C. “(a) formation and elaboration of career-relevant interests, (b) the selection of academic and career choice options, and (c) performance and persistence in educational and occupational pursuits”
D. Life scripts and life themes

0.25 points   

QUESTION 12

1. Before offering to provide technology-assisted distance counseling (TDC) for clients, a licensed counselor will want to do each of the following EXCEPT:

A. Recruit several current clients to participate in a pilot study of the process
B. Attend training to become a Distance Credentialed Counselor
C. Determine client needs that will best be met by using TDC
D. Develop an informed consent and orientation protocol for clients

0.25 points   

QUESTION 13

1. Programs funded by the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act, designed to address the vocational needs of underserved populations, did NOT include which of the following components?

A. Increase military vocations
B. Faclitate self assessment
C. Facilitate career planning and decision making
D. Increase employability skills

0.25 points   

QUESTION 14

1. 67 competencies, 19 career stoppers

A. Goleman
B. Career Architect
C. Gelatt’s “positive uncertainty”
D. Gallup Q12

0.25 points   

QUESTION 15

1. One of the key differences within the coaching relationship that sets it apart from other career helping roles is:

A. The need for excellent communication skills
B. The locations where coaches interact and provide services to their clients
C. The length of time the coach engages in a relationship with the client
D. B and C

0.25 points   

QUESTION 16

1. A man who is addicted to work (is a “workaholic”) is also most likely to:

A. Be unmarried
B. Have a Type A personality
C. Be the sole support of a large family
D. Have entered the civilian work force late, after several years of military service

0.25 points   

QUESTION 17

1. Which is NOT one of the four primary factors in both SLTCDM and SLCT?

A. Relational experience
B. Genetics
C. Environment

0.25 points   

QUESTION 18

1. Comprehensive career development planning:

A. Is a linear sequential process.
B. Will increasingly attend to the needs of the “boomer generation.”
C. Attends to the emotional domain of helping individuals search for satisfaction, quality and meaning in every choice.
D. All of the above but “A ”

0.25 points   

QUESTION 19

1. Which of the following are considered characteristics of career consultation?

A. The consultant is considered an expert.
B. A need exists that cannot be met by the individual or organization requesting services.
C. The relationship between the consultant and the consultee is considered well-matched and complementary.
D. All of the above

0.25 points   

QUESTION 20

1. A school counselor collaborates with local businesses to conduct career workshops for individuals with disabilities. This is an example of a counselor working in which arena as described in the ACA Advocacy Competencies?

A. Client/student level
B. Public level
C. School/community level
D. All of the above

0.25 points   

QUESTION 21

1. SCCT:

A. Based on Bronfenbrenner’s 1979 model
B. “(a) formation and elaboration of career-relevant interests, (b) the selection of academic and career choice options, and (c) performance and persistence in educational and occupational pursuits”
C. Life scripts and life themes
D. Approach which states that there is an ongoing, dynamic and reciprocal interaction between individuals and their environments

0.25 points   

QUESTION 22

1. In the strategic planning process, which step should come first?

A. Identify performance objectives
B. Create mission statement
C. Conduct needs assessment
D. Measure performance

0.25 points   

QUESTION 23

1. When using technology-assisted distance counseling, client confidentiality is:

A. Not an issue since the counselor is not meeting in person with the client
B. Only applies to spoken content, not text or video content
C. A priority since the counselor is responsible for ensuring confidentiality
D. The client’s responsibility

0.25 points   

QUESTION 24

1. According to the text, in dual earner families, which of the following is NOT true?

A. Women work to supplement the family’s income.
B. Women make less than married women with no children.
C. Women do more work in meal preparation and yard work.
D. Women are more likely to downgrade career or work concerns to take care of the family.

0.25 points   

QUESTION 25

1. A career fair is an example of a career development program:

A. Performance measure
B. Performance objective
C. Initiative
D. Core value

0.25 points   

QUESTION 26

1. An appropriate vocational rehabilitation service for a person who is having difficulty with coworker and supervisory relationships is:

A. Work evaluation
B. Job seeking skills training
C. Occupational therapy
D. Work adjustment training

0.25 points   

QUESTION 27

1. Circular causality is:

A. When a change in one part of a family system  results in changes to all the parts of the system.
B. The circular reasoning and fighting that causes undue stress.
C. What happens when bad news about family issues first circulates outside of the family
D. What happens when a family member chooses a career that differs from the family’s expectation of him or her

0.25 points   

QUESTION 28

1. ______ Physically harming a client

A. Do good
B. Unethical and illegal
C. Do no harm
D. Pertaining to a counselor’s motives, goals, and behavior

0.25 points   

QUESTION 29

1. Those with depressive disorders:

A. May exhibit symptoms of indecision
B. Will not benefit from self-esteem interventions
C. May have expected success and acceptance in their work lives
D. Have a strong vocational identity

0.25 points   

QUESTION 30

1. Which is the following is not a part of Goodman et al. (2006) 4-S assessment system for adult career transitions

A. The Situation
B. The Self
C. Stability
D. Strategies

0.25 points   

QUESTION 31

1. The earnings gap between a male and a female worker in the same occupation is likely to be the greatest when they are:

A. Salespersons
B. Neurosurgeons
C. Elementary school teachers
D. Automobile assembly line workers

0.25 points   

QUESTION 32

1. Which of the following did NOT contribute to advancing the credibility or validity of vocational guidance?

A. World War I
B. Greater use of testing in the schools
C. Publication of the “Principle and PRactices” by a vocational organization
D. Formation of unions

0.25 points   

QUESTION 33

1. Integrative Life Planning

A. Sunny Hansen
B. Goleman
C. Career Architect
D. Gelatt’s “positive uncertainity”

0.25 points   

QUESTION 34

1. According to Super’s theory, people are satisfied in their work choice to the degree that they are able to “fulfill life roles.”

True

False

0.25 points   

QUESTION 35

1. The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA) of 2008 changed some important key definitions related to disability; however, it still focuses on the individual’s need to prove disability.

True

False

0.25 points   

QUESTION 36

1. Which one of the following behaviors is NOT recommended by Seligman as a means of overcoming career and life barriers?

A. Don’t think about negative or troubling things
B. Try to find alternative explanations for negative events or feelings
C. Consider whether catastrophic implications are likely
D. Find evidence that negative thoughts are true or untrue

0.25 points   

QUESTION 37

1. A major reason that more women with young children are in the work force today is because:

A. There has been a decline in real family income
B. Quality day care is widely available
C. They are unwilling to postpone the personal fulfillment that comes with working
D. They have more materialistic values than their parents and want to be able to afford more luxury items

0.25 points   

QUESTION 38

1. Preparation

A. Task: Develop a plan of action for changing current status of career development and addictive behaviors.
B. Task: Help client focus on the new way of being where the new behaviors have replaced the old.
C. Task: Increase concern about current pattern of behavior, develop client awareness of need to change and instill hope about overcoming barriers to change.
D. Task: Conduct a cost/benefit analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the current behavior.
E. Task: Help client implement a plan of action and sustain commitment in face of obstacles.

0.25 points   

QUESTION 39

1. Program initiative should be driven by program

A. Objectives
B. Budget
C. Facilities
D. Values

0.25 points   

QUESTION 40

1. Reliability measures how repeatable or consistent the scores are for a given test. All the following are types of reliability EXCEPT:

A. Test-retest
B. Equivalent forms
C. Internal consistency
D. Criterion forms

0.25 points   

QUESTION 41

1. Action

A. Task: Develop a plan of action for changing current status of career development and addictive behaviors.
B. Task: Help client focus on the new way of being where the new behaviors have replaced the old.
C. Task: Increase concern about current pattern of behavior, develop client awareness of need to change and instill hope about overcoming barriers to change.
D. Task: Conduct a cost/benefit analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the current behavior.
E. Task: Help client implement a plan of action and sustain commitment in face of obstacles.

0.25 points   

QUESTION 42

1. Assessments  of interest usually take the form of:

A. Math and language tests
B. Self-report questionaires
C. Audio taped interviews
D. None of the above

0.25 points   

QUESTION 43

1. What is the primary purpose of a mission statement?

A. To answer the question “for what does your program stand?”
B. To differentiate your program from others and provide clarity to those with whom you work.
C. To provide an opportunity for people to carefully consider the suture services and resources that a career development program might offer.
D. To articulate a game plan for delivery of career development program services.

0.25 points   

QUESTION 44

1. An ongoing effect of the “glass ceiling” in American corporations is:

A. More women are becoming CEOs of major corporations
B. More women are filing sexual harassment lawsuits
C. Women are achieving equal power with men
D. Few women are in senior management positions

0.25 points   

QUESTION 45

1. Cognitive Information Processing (CIP)

A. Pyramid of Information Processing Domains and the CASVE cycle
B. Based on Bronfenbrenner’s 1979 model
C. “(a) formation and elaboration of career-relevant interests, (b) the selection of academic and career choice options, and (c) performance and persistence in educational and occupational pursuits”
D. Approach which states that there is an ongoing, dynamic and reciprocal interaction between individuals and their environments

0.25 points   

QUESTION 46

1. Maintenance

A. Task: Develop a plan of action for changing current status of career development and addictive behaviors.
B. Task: Help client focus on the new way of being where the new behaviors have replaced the old.
C. Task: Increase concern about current pattern of behavior, develop client awareness of need to change and instill hope about overcoming barriers to change.
D. Task: Conduct a cost/benefit analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the current behavior.
E. Task: Help client implement a plan of action and sustain commitment in face of obstacles.

0.25 points   

QUESTION 47

1. The following would improve our understanding of childhood career development and its application to career development programs:

A. Engaging in discovery-oriented qualitative research
B. Continuing the application of theories developed by Super and Gottfredson to childhood
C. Collaborating with disciplines working in such areas as childhood cognition, social-emotional development, affect regulation, and self-efficacy
D. All of the above

0.25 points   

QUESTION 48

1. Gysbers, Heppner & Johnston (1998) suggest that it is helpful to develop a vocabulary of family and work problems to clarify any potentially fuzzy issues. They suggest categorizing problems into the following EXCEPT:

A. Life roles
B. Life events
C. Life space
D. Life setting

0.25 points   

QUESTION 49

1. Telephone operator relay services for individuals with deafness or impaired hearing are mandated by:

A. Title I of the ADA
B. Title IV of the ADA
C. The Workforce Investment Act
D. Rehabilitation Act of 1973

0.25 points   

QUESTION 50

1. The word, “vocation,” is derived from the Latin word, vocare, which means?

A. To become
B. To search
C. To call
D. To do

0.25 points   

QUESTION 51

1. ______ Nonmalificence

A. Do good
B. Unethical and illegal
C. Do no harm
D. Pertaining to a counselor’s motives, goals and behavior

0.25 points   

QUESTION 52

1. A system of morals of a particular person, group, or profession is known as

A. Morals
B. Ethics
C. Standards
D. Rules

0.25 points   

QUESTION 53

1. Which of the following would not be a common goal of a career coach?

A. Improving communication and negotiation skills
B. Learning how to delegate duties to others
C. Exploration of new vocational interests
D. Enhancing personal effectiveness

0.25 points   

QUESTION 54

1. Life Lines, Card Sorts, and Career Genograms are examples of:

A. Standardized career instruments
B. CAGS
C. Qualitative methods
D. None of the above

0.25 points   

QUESTION 55

1. Richard Bolles’ work and the Parachute process of life work planning:

A. Built on the skills analysis work of Bernard Haldane
B. Popularized and expanded access to career development principles
C. Included the creation of Job Clubs
D. All but “C ”

0.25 points   

QUESTION 56

1. Career counselors may be accountable to codes of ethics from:

A. The National Career Development Association Ethical standards
B. The American Counseling Association Ethical standards
C. The National Board for Certified Counselors Ethical Standards
D. A and C above
E. All of the above

0.25 points   

QUESTION 57

1. Accountability for career counselors encompasses accountability for:

A. An individual counselor’s ethics
B. National adherence to the counselor’s professional organization ethical standards
C. Compliance with state and national legal requirements
D. A  and B  but not C
E. A , B , & C  above

0.25 points   

QUESTION 58

1. The 1960’s introduced the concept of multicultural counseling literature, which later prompted the development of this counseling organization.

A. Association for Non-White Concerns (ANWC)
B. American Personnel and Guidance Association (APGA)
C. American Counseling Association (ACA)
D. None of the above

0.25 points   

QUESTION 59

1. Which of the following was NOT a vocational guidance or career counseling organization?

A. American Personnel and Guidance Association (APGA)
B. National Vocational Guidance Association (NVGA)
C. National Career Development Association (NCDA)
D. National Association for Career Advancement (NACA)

0.25 points   

QUESTION 60

1. ______ Learned Optimism

A. Frankl
B. Gelatt
C. Seligman
D. Schlossberg

0.25 points   

QUESTION 61

1. According to Hershenson’ theory of work adjustment, the work personality is composed of:

A. Work competencies
B. Values and interests
C. Self-concept and motivation
D. Work behaviors

0.25 points   

QUESTION 62

1. Vespia et al. (2010) agreed that traditional career development theories espoused Western European values.  Which of the following did Vespa et al. not cite as a manifestation of these values?

A. Seperation between work and family
B. Linear Career Development Process
C. Value of individuality and autonomy
D. Women’s role in the home

0.25 points   

QUESTION 63

1. According to Gottfredson’s theory, as children proceed through orientations, they “circumscribe” an occupational space, referred to as a zone of acceptable alternatives.

True

False

0.25 points   

QUESTION 64

1. Career Counselors need to focus on which of the following principles listed in the Preamble to the NCDA Ethical Standards?

A. Human worthy and dignity
B. Human commonality and uniqueness
C. Human uniqueness and potential
D. A and B above
E. A and C above

0.25 points   

QUESTION 65

1. What site is attributed with the origins of the vocational guidance movement in the U.S.?

A. The Vocational Silo
B. Nuts about Vocations, Cincinnati Chapter
C. Vocational Bureau of Boston
D. Vocational Guidance Institute

0.25 points   

QUESTION 66

1. ______ RIASEC codes

A. Frankl
B. Gelatt
C. Holland
D. Seligman

0.25 points   

QUESTION 67

1. Which theory’s approach to decision making and career planning problem solving is designed to enable individuals solve the immediate problem and learn how to generalize previous experiences to future career problems.

A. Social Cognitive Career Theory
B. Theories of Embedded Career
C. Sociological Theories
D. Cognitive Information Processing

0.25 points   

QUESTION 68

1. According to TWA, one’s personality style is composed of celerity, space, rhythm, and endurance.

True

False

0.25 points   

QUESTION 69

1. What standard IS included in a spiritually competent workplace.

A. Energy, excitement stemming from creativity
B. Educational, training leading to lifelong fulfillment
C. Extroversion, understanding the continuum of people’s dispositions
D. Evaluation, assessment of self and others

0.25 points   

QUESTION 70

1. Emotional Intelligence

A. Goleman
B. Career architect
C. Gelatt’s “positive uncertainty”
D. Gallup Q12

0.25 points   

QUESTION 71

1. Career counselors:

A. Have played a limited leadership role in the counseling profession.
B. Have led the counseling profession in computer based applications of counseling.
C. Have made major advances in marital and couple therapy.
D. A  and B  but not C
E. A  and C  but not B

0.25 points   

QUESTION 72

1. Contemplation

A. Task: Develop a plan of action for changing current status of career development and addictive behaviors.
B. Task: Help client focus on the new way of being where the new behaviors have replaced the old.
C. Task: Increase concern about current pattern of behavior, develop client awareness of need to change and instill hope about overcoming barriers to change.
D. Task: Conduct a cost/benefit analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the current behavior.
E. Task: Help client implement a plan of action and sustain commitment in face of obstacles.

0.25 points   

QUESTION 73

1. A very bright 10-year-old girl who is in the 4th grade makes excellent grades, and she particularly enjoys and excels in math.  By the time she enters college we might expect that, as a result of her gender role socialization, she will:

A. Declare mathematics as her college major
B. Be planning to become an accountant
C. Question whether she is competent enough in math to pursue amathematics-related career
D. Have a strong sense of self efficacy regarding her math ability

0.25 points   

QUESTION 74

1. An individual’s culture can be made up of both observable and unobservable aspects.  Which of the following is an example of an observable aspect of a client’s culture?

A. Praying the rosary for nine nights after the death of a family member
B. Speaking Spanish
C. Preparing a meal of tacos, carne asada, and menudo
D. All of the above

0.25 points   

QUESTION 75

1. Contextual approaches

A. Pyramid of Information Processing Domains and the CASVE cycle
B. “(a) formation and elaboration of career-relevant interests, (b) the selection of academic and career choice options, and (c) performance and persistence in educational and occupational pursuits”
C. Life scripts and life themes
D. Approach which states that there is an ongoing, dynamic and reciprocal interaction between individuals and their environments

0.25 points   

QUESTION 76

1. Which style of supervision employs theory specific premises?

A. Developmental model
B. Integrated model
C. Orientation specific model
D. None of the above

0.25 points   

QUESTION 77

1. Core Values refers to:

A. Future directions
B. “Why does your program exist?”
C. “For what does your program stand?”
D. The story of your strategy in action

0.25 points   

QUESTION 78

1. The INCOME acronym stands for five statuses: those of Imagining, Notifying, Challenging, Obtaining, Maintaining, and Exiting.

True

False

0.25 points   

QUESTION 79

1. McGoldrick (1999) stated that there are three marital types of dual career families. Which is NOT one of the types?

A. Traditional/conventional
B. Semi-traditional/consensus
C. Modern/participant
D. Egalitarian/role-sharing

0.25 points   

QUESTION 80

1. ______ The “4 S” system

A. Frankl
B. Gelatt
C. Holland
D. Goodman

0.25 points   

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