Topic: Childhood Obesity – PICOT Statement

Topic: Childhood Obesity – PICOT Statement

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P-I-C-O-T Statement

P- Obese Children with a BMI index of 30 or greater and are below 12 years of age.

I-Nutrition Educating programs incorporating the right diet and physical activity.

C-Children who will participate in the educating programs versus the ones that will not.

O-Decreasing obesity among children below 12 years of age by advancing education knowledge on nutrition.

T- A period of more than a year.

Introduction

It is obvious that obesity and overweight have become a global outbreak as seen by the universal concerns around us today. Furthermore, this risk has been linked to various fatal problems including cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular complications as well as other health issues which makes it even harder to concentrate on (Reilly, & Kelly, 2011). Obesity for children under age 12 years does not only lead to health issues but also create a foundation for mockery among their peers and lack of self-esteem which is crucial in their development into adulthood. Because of this continued concern, there is the urgency for the government and health care policy makers to have in place research-based interventions that will decrease the number of children affected with obesity. It is also important to note that obesity goes beyond affecting just the individual, it affects the family as well as the nation because of it high cost of treatment. All these concerns will be discussed in the nutrition education program that is recommended by this paper. Here is a PICOT statement with the aim to find lasting results to this problem;

Population

Despite some records indicating the decrease in the commonness of obesity among children below the age of 12, the numbers are still on the rise. This must be prioritized and addressed as soon as possible before the problem gets out of hand. According to some statistics, there are 12.7 million children and adolescents that are affected by obesity (Ogden, Carroll, Kit, & Flegal, 2012). This research targeted population are children below the age of 12 years.

Intervention

All interventions that are intended for this procedure must be based on research evidence and especially emphasize on preventing children from becoming overweight and giving treatment to those that are affected. The suggested intervention on this is having a nutritional education program that emphasizes on dieting and exercising. For dieting, the intervention mandates modification around food surroundings and making healthy choices available. On the other hand, intense physical activities are meant to eliminate sedentary lifestyles that can lead to obesity. It will also produce policies that will focus on changing the overall socioeconomic environment that could impact positively on the health of the population (O’Reilly, Cook, Spruijt‐Metz, & Black, 2014).

Comparison

The caregiver must educate the entire community about the subject matter using evidence-based research. This is done by conducting civil education and ensuring information is easily available in the community (Summerbell, 2011). To ensure accuracy, the evidence provided must be differentiated to the practice being opposed. In this situation, the practitioner recommends comparing results from obese children involved in an education nutritional program verses those that are not involved in one.

Outcome

The overall result is to ensure research and evidence is used to assure a community that is working towards healthy living and is characterized by continued care for the affected and prevention measures (Puhl, & Heuer, 2010). After the intervention process, there should be minimum risk of obesity in the United States and a system that has not had problems with obesity for a long time. Previous intervention towards obesity prevention only focused on modification at the micro level. That is, they targeted children individually, families, or schools make it difficult to achieve positive outcomes on weight status that affect the general environment at the macro levels. To successfully control obesity, the effort must necessitate a more macro-environmental strategy along the micro level behavioral adjustments.

Time

The problem of obesity in our community has been there for years therefore the intervention process will have a meaningful result if conclusions are made after a year at least. The time to witness the impact will depend on the number of parties that work together to find a lasting solution to this problem. Research evidence is also based on multidisciplinary collaboration, coming up with a trustworthy solution to obesity in children will take a considerable amount of time (Han, Lawlor, & Kimm, 2010).

References

Bonomi, A. G., & Westerterp, K. R. (2012). Advances in physical activity monitoring and lifestyle interventions in obesity: a review. International journal of obesity36(2), 167.

Han, J. C., Lawlor, D. A., & Kimm, S. Y. (2010). Childhood obesity. The Lancet375(9727), 1737-1748.

Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B. K., & Flegal, K. M. (2012). Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999-2010. Jama307(5), 483-490.

O’Reilly, G. A., Cook, L., Spruijt‐Metz, D., & Black, D. S. (2014). Mindfulness‐based interventions for obesity‐related eating behaviours: a literature review. Obesity reviews15(6), 453-461.

Puhl, R. M., & Heuer, C. A. (2010). Obesity stigma: important considerations for public health. American journal of public health100(6), 1019-1028.

Reilly, J. J., & Kelly, J. (2011). Long-term impact of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence on morbidity and premature mortality in adulthood: systematic review. International journal of obesity35(7), 891.

Wang, Y., Wu, Y., Wilson, R. F., Bleich, S., Cheskin, L., Weston, C., … & Segal, J. (2013). Childhood obesity prevention programs: comparative effectiveness review and meta-analysis.

Waters, E., de Silva‐Sanigorski, A., Burford, B. J., Brown, T., Campbell, K. J., Gao, Y., … & Summerbell, C. D. (2011). Interventions for preventing obesity in children. The Cochrane Library.


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