Transformative Learning Essay

Transformative Learning Essay

Figure 1. Socio-cognitive systems learning model.

Model II 4

Wholeness-Orientation: 6

Acknowledge & test

assumptions4,6

to understand true self

& other people6

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Model I 4

Espoused Values: 4, 5

Reflect cultural ideals

(Subconscious)

Real Values:

Self-Orientation:

Egocentric

desires & goals2

Model I 4

– Gain unilateral control4,8

 Compete for recognition or

influence

 Accumulate social capital3

 Threaten or punish (passive-

aggressive or aggressive)

– Defend self & espoused values4

 Blame4, 6

 Fancy footwork4

(Subconscious)

– Evade assumption testing4

 Make all this behavior

undiscussable4

 Suppress negative feelings &

act as if rational4

Single-Loop

Learning4

Model I 4

Dysfunction:

– Problem escalation4

– Pain & frustration4, 6

– Mistrust4, 6

(Subconscious)

– Resistance to productive

learning & change4

 Skilled unawareness of

self’s accountability 4

 Self-fulfilling prophesy4

Learned Social Behaviors

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Culture

Outcomes

In d

iv id

u a l

O rg

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Culture

Values

In d

iv id

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O rg

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Culture

Double-Loop

Learning4

Model II 4

– Include people & invite them to

express their ideas & talents6,7,8

– Provide freedom to disagree9

– Discuss the undiscussable4, 6

– Gather data: Ask questions,

listen, & observe4, 6

– Treat people with respect6

Model II 4

Wholeness: 6

– Problem resolution4

– Productive learning &

change4, 6

– Peace6

– Trust6

(Friesenborg, 2015)

Figure 2. Socio-cognitive systems learning model: Simplified version.

Friesenborg, L. (2015). The culture of learning organizations: Understanding Argyris’ theory through a

Socio-Cognitive Systems Learning Model. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Wholeness-Oriented

Values

Test assumptions to understand

true self & other people

Single-Loop

Learning

Model I Socio-Cognitive Process

Self-Oriented

Values

Espouse ideals, but value

desires & goals of the self

Self-Oriented

Social Behaviors

Vie for unilateral control

& self-protection

Dysfunction

Culture

Learned Social Behaviors

O rg

a n

iz a ti

o n

In

d iv

id u

a l

Outcomes

In d

iv id

u a l

O rg

a n

iz a ti

o n

Culture

Values

In d

iv id

u a l

O rg

a n

iz a ti

o n

Culture

Double-Loop

Learning

Model II Socio-Cognitive Process

(Friesenborg, 2015)

Wholeness

Wholeness-Oriented

Social Behaviors

Dialogue, inviting people

to express their ideas & talents

Culture


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